UNIT 5 STUDY GUIDE S2 Essay

Words: 548
Pages: 3

UNIT 5 STUDY GUIDE
1. What are three causes of World War II in Europe?
1. Failure of the Treaty of Versailles
2. Failure of the League of Nations
3. Failure of the policy of Appeasement
2. What happened after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor? The United States declared war!

3. Name the Axis Powers
1. Germany
2. Italy
3. Japan
Name the Allied Powers
1. Great Britain
2. United States
3. Russia
4. France 4. Match the World Leaders with their country. (pg.730-736; 767) Winston Churchill Germany Joseph Stalin Italy Franklin Roosevelt Cuba
Fidel Castro England Adolf Hitler Russia Benito Mussolini United States

5. What did the Allies discover as they invaded Germany? (pg. 742)
The Concentration and Death camps
6. What was Hitler’s plan to kill all of the Jews in Europe known as Final Solution (pg. 743)

7. How many lives did the Holocaust claim? 11 million (pg.744)

8. What was the main reason President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb instead of invading? They didn’t want to risk more American Lives (pg. 748)

9. Which war had killed more people? WW I or WW II (pg. 749)

10. What happened in the year’s right after World War II? (pg. 750)
1. Europe and Germany were divided into military zones
2. The U.S.S.R. becomes a military super power
3. The United States becomes the richest country on earth

11. What were three goals of the Allies after the war?
1. Lasting peace
2. Dividing Germany into military zones
3. Creation of United Nations

12. What were the Nuremberg Trials? (752-753)
To judge Nazi leaders for their policies and orders

13. The Soviet Union and its allies were referred to as the Eastern Bloc
The United States and its allies were referred to as the Western Bloc
The struggle between East and West was known as The Cold War. (pg. 759-760)

14. Which President adopted a policy known as containment? Truman (pg. 760) 15. The European Recovery Program was known as Marshall Plan (pg. 761)

16. What was the rescue operation that delivered 2.3 million tons of supplies to West Berlin known as Berlin Airlift (pg. 761)…