Clinical psychology is an integration of the science, theory and clinical knowledge for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective and behavioural well-being and personal development
Clinical psychologists can offer a range of professional services, including:
Administer and interpret psychological assessment and testing
Conduct psychological research
Consultation (especially for multi-disciplinary teams in mental health settings, such as psychiatric wards and increasingly other healthcare settings, schools and businesses)
Development of prevention and treatment programs
Provide expert testimony (forensic psychology)
Provide psychological/ mental treatment (psychotherapy, or/and psychopharmacology "prescribing psychologists")
In practice, clinical psychologists may work with individuals, couples, families, or groups in a variety of settings, including private practices, hospitals, mental health organizations, schools, businesses,
Salary and employment of clinical psychologists
In 2009, the APA estimated that the median full-time salary for licensed doctoral-level clinical psychologists in the United States was $87,015. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics the median salary of US clinical psychologists was $67,650 in 2012. As of 2008 approximately 34% of psychologists were self-employed, mostly in private practices
Clinical psychologists study a generalist program in psychology plus postgraduate training and/or clinical placement and supervision. The length of training differs across the world, ranging from four years plus post-Bachelors supervised practice to a doctorate of three to six years which combines clinical placement.
Lightner Witmer (
Consulting psychology is a specialty area of psychology that addresses such areas as assessment and interventions at the individual, group, and organizational levels.
Consulting psychology encompasses diverse roles including individual assessment, individual and group process consultation, organizational development, education/training, employee selection/appraisal, research and evaluation test construction, executive/manager coaching, change management, expert technical support
The American Psychological Association publishes professional training guidelines for consulting psychologists. Master's programs are available under varying program names (e.g., business psychology). Some psychologists come to the field from areas such as clinical psychology, counseling psychology, or industrial and organizational psychology.
CACREP publishes guidelines for mental health counselors considering the profession, including:
Learn about the additional roles and the relationship to other professionals
Become aware of organizational and consultation models
Recognize the importance of family, social networks and community systems
Understand systems theories and models and processes of consultation
Learn how to assess the environment experienced by clients, providers and institutions
In 2009, the APA estimated that the median full-time salary for licensed doctoral-level clinical psychologists in the United States was $87,015. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics the median salary of US clinical psychologists was $67,650 in 2012. As of 2008 approximately 34% of psychologists were self-employed, mostly in private practices.
Experimental psychology refers to work done by those who apply experimental methods to the study of behavior and the processes that underlie it.
Ernst Heinrich Weber
Experimental psychologists employ human participants and animal subjects to study a great many topics,