The five treatment philosophies and theories are Psychodynamic, Cognitive behavioral, interpersonal, Dialectical behavior, and addiction/twelve-step. Psychodynamic therapy is the view of behaviors emphasizes internal conflict, motives, and unconscious forces. There are many theories of on the development of psychological disorders in particular. The common feature of this theory is the belief that the underlying causes of disordered behaviors are not addressed and resolved, it may subside for a time but will often return. In all psychodynamic theories symptoms are seen as expressions of a struggling inner self that uses the disordered eating and weight control behaviors as a way to communicate or expressing underlying issues. Symptoms are viewed as useful for clients. Cognitive behavioral therapy is the most well-known and studied technique or treatment approach currently used to challenge, manage, and transform specific food and weight- related behaviors. It was developed in the 1970s by Aaron beck as a technique for treating depression. CBT are feelings and behaviors that are created by cognitions. CBT uses homework, journals, and monitoring outside of the sessions. Educating clients about dieting, purging, medical complications and so on is an important part of this model. Researchers have developed cognitive behavioral programs with treatment manuals that provide very specific interventions to be followed. Common cognitive distortions can be put into categories such as all or nothing thinking, overgeneralizing, assuming, magnifying minimizing, magical thinking, and personalizing. Cognitive distortions are held sacred by clients who rely on them as guidelines for behavior to gain a sense of identity, safety, and control. The serve a variety of functions like provide a sense of safety and control, reinforce the disorder as a part of individuals identify, enable individuals to replace reality with a system that support their behavior, and help and explanation of justification of behaviors with others. Studies indicate that cognitive behavioral therapy is useful for treating bulimia and BED, results are lacking for anorexia nervosa. Bulimia nervosa the results have been the most promising. Several studies show CBT outperforming other used with the condition. Even though the findings are promising, researchers concede that the results show only that in these studies CBT worked better than other methods it was compared to and not that we have found a form of treatment that will help most clients. Interpersonal therapy focuses on the link between eating disorders and underlying relationship issues. During this showing it showed efficacy in treating bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. People that have interpersonal problems that play an important role in the onset and continuation of the disorder. The problem most often identified and targeted in his treatment was are the role disputes, role transition, grief, and interpersonal deficits intimate relationship. Although IPT doesn’t discuss food, weight, or shape but rather encourage clients to associate their symptoms with life experiences and interpersonal problems. Identifying and focusing on specific problems, relationships, and using role playing and problem solving are all part of this therapy. Dialectical behavior therapy is one therapeutic model that has gained attention over last view. Which combine cognitive behavioral techniques with interpersonal therapy. Because DBT was originally developed to treat individuals with poor interpersonal skills who exhibited mood fluctuations, poor impulse control, and self-destructive behaviors, seems like a good choice for bulimia and binge eating. The main areas of focus in DBT are mindfulness, distress tolerance,
Mckenna Forry & Megan Stanton
October 26, 2014
Honors Chemistry/ Pd. 8/ Mrs. Gazzara
Chemical Reaction Lab
Objective:to examine the chemical properties of hydrochloric acid and copper chloride, to
identify the types of reactions that they undergo and to determine if the law of conservation of
mass applies to a sample chemical reaction in one of these series.
● Aluminum shot
● ammonium hydroxide solution
● cupric chloride solution
● hydrochloric acid solution…
properties, the substances were evaluated using their chemical properties of reactivity with iodine and acetic acid (vinegar) and whether a precipitate formed using silver nitrate. A chemical property is a property that is observed during a chemical reaction and is a change in the substance’s internal structure. By testing and observing a substance’s physical and chemical properties and comparing it to known substances, a substance can be identified. The unknown samples in this laboratory contain only…
temperature and concentration on the rate of reaction.
Materials: All the equipment are listed in page 47 of year 9 chemistry booklet
Method: Part One.
1. Using a marker pen, label four beakers/ test tubes “Thio”
2. Using a graduated cylinder, measure 10ml of sodium thiosulfate solution and pour into the test tubes
3. Using marker pen, label four test tubes “HCL”
4. Place 5mL of hydrochloric acid into these test tubes
5. Immerse all 8 test tubes in 450mL beaker (water bath) of…
com,. 'Woodlice Investigation'. N.p., 2015. Web. 15 Feb. 2015.
Porcellio.scaber.org,. 'P.Scaber Experiment Background Information'. N.p., 2015. Web. 18 Feb. 2015. http://www.porcellio.scaber.org/woodlice/expback.htm
Abbott, C. H. and Search (1918) Reactions of land isopods to light
Drobne, D., Drobne, S. and 313-322, Z. 457: (2014) Reference values for feeding parameters of isopods (Porcellio scaber, Isopoda, Crustacea)
Hornung, E., Farkas, S. and Fischer, E. (1998) Tests on the Isopod Porcellio Scaber…
approximately fifteen minutes to complete the reaction. To decompose any excess acetic anhydride we added distilled water to the flask which gave off some vapors. We removed the flask from the water and submerged it in an ice bath to let sit for a few minutes to hasten crystallization and increase yield of product. Because our product was so slow to manifest crystals, we used a stirring rod to scratch inside of the flask.
After weighing out our filter paper and watch class we collected the aspirin…
it hasn't dissolved, gently warm on a hot plate or add 1-2 mL of nitric acid.
8. Swirl until completely dissolved.
9. Record any changes.
10. Dilute with 100 mL of water.
Step 2. Forming sold copper hydroxide from copper nitrate.
1. Add 30 mL of 3.0 M sodium hydroxide to solution from step 1.
2. Place about 1cm of stirring rod into solution. Then touch the end to an ~ 2cm piece of red litmus paper.
3. If paper turns blue, proceed with next step.
4. If not, add 1 mL of sodium hydroxide and…
Rubric for Essay 1-1302
All your papers, not just this one, must in an MLA format. A word of caution: Most of you use MSWord and trust it when you tell it to set up your papers in an MLA format. It will only partially do this and part of it must be done manually. The standard font for an MLA paper is 12 point Times New Roman and this is what I want your papers written in. I do not require a cover sheet but I do want the standard MLA headers used.
Either paper you choose to write, response or comparison…
understand crossed aldol condensation., Crossed aldol reaction have been widely used by synthetic chemists due to its ability to form new carbon-carbon bonds. In the critical review, Dr. Alcaide discussed a formidable synthetic challenge regarding an asymmetric cross-aldol reaction of aldehydes. Dr. Alcaide argued that the classic aldol addition faces the problems of chemo- and regioselectivity as well as that of asymmetry. For the cross aldol reactions of aldehyde enolates with aldehydes, good yields…
phenacetin. William ether synthesis is an organic reaction that forms an ether from an organohalide and an alcohol. The use of anions derived from alcohols or phenols (alkoxides or phenoxides) as nucleophiles in Sn2 alkylation reactions is an important organic reaction.
1. Crush one half of an acetaminophen tablet using mortar and pestle then adding the powder to a GlassChem vessel.
2. Add 1.30 g of K2CO3 and 8 mL of 2-butanone.
3. Add 1.2 mL of ethyl iodide…