Lisa M. Wondolowski
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
A major part of the study of labor law and collective bargaining is the unique vocabulary that has developed over the period of time; accordingly, define the following terms and concepts:
a) Closed Shop - a collective bargaining clause requiring that a prospective employee be a union member before employment. It is unlawful under federal labor law. (Fossum, 2012)
b) National Unions – organizations chartering general unions or local unions representing certain crafts or industries. National unions are the level at which control ultimately resides in the labor movement. (Fossum, 2012)
c) American Federation of Labor (AFL) - the first permanent national labor organization. It brought together a set of craft unions in 1883 and evolved a business unionism approach toward influencing employers and public policy. (Fossum, 2012)
d) Strikebreakers - a person who works or is employed in place of others who are on strike, thereby making the strike ineffectual.
e) Arbitrators - a dispute resolution procedure in which a neutral third party hears the positions of the parties and renders a decision binding on both. The arbitrator draws his or her power from the agreement of the parties to abide by the decision and/or the creation of the position in a contract to handle any disputes arising under the contract. (Fossum, 2012)
f) Good-faith Bargaining - the willingness of the parties to meet at reasonable times and places to discuss mandatory bargaining issues. (Fossum, 2012)
g) Picketing - the act of parading at an employer’s site to inform the public about the existence of a labor dispute and ask other union members and the public not to cross the picket line.
h) Boycotts - a refusal by individuals not directly involved in a labor dispute to deal with the employer directly involved. For example, if a clerk’s union struck a store, a boycott would occur when some segment of the general public (usually union members) refused to patronize the store until the dispute was settled. (Fossum, 2012)
i) Sympathy Strike - a strike by a union not involved in negotiations in support of a union that is. (Fossum, 2012)
j) Secondary Boycotts - an action asking the public not to patronize an uninvolved party doing business with an employer that is involved in a labor dispute. It is unlawful under federal labor law. (Fossum, 2012)