Essay on Amino Acids

Submitted By amaemartin
Words: 472
Pages: 2

Amino Acids:
The functional group NH2 found in amino acids is called? AMINO GROUP

Cells are the basic functional and structural units of an organism’s body. Can be described as? Self-contained living entities.

The first principle of diet planning is that the food we choose must provide energy and essential nutrients including. WATER
The dietary disaccharides include? LOCTOSE, MALTOSE & SUCROSE

When the body uses fat or fuel without the help of carbohydrate, this result in the production of? KETONE BODIES
Digestible carbohydrates are absorbed as GLUCOSE through the small intestinal wall and are delivered to the liver where they are converted to? GLYCOGEN

Digestive System:
All blood leaving the digestive system is round directly to the? LIVER
It is well known that carbohydrate is one of two nutrients whose digestion starts in the mouth. Which organ of the digestive system carries out digestion of all nutrients including carbohydrates fats and proteins? STOMACH
Which chemical substance released by the pancreas neutralize stomach acids that has reached the small intestine? BICARBONATE
When blood glucose concentration rises the pancreas secrete INSULIN and when blood glucose level falls the pancreas secretes GLUCAGON

Hormonal system:
Which of the following can affect the hormonal system? FASTING, FEEDING, EXERCISE.

Membrane hetero-polysaccharides consist of? Glyco-Protein, Proteo-Glycans, Lipo-Polysaccharides & Glycolipids.

Double helix describes the structure of a molecule of? DIPEPTIDE
In the functions of a macro-molecule, what type of bond would join two amino acids together? PEPTIDE BOND
Which type of macromolecule carries out catalysis in biological systems? PROTEIN CALLED ENZYMES
In a DNA molecule, what holds together the nitrogenous bases from the two polymer chains? HYDROGEN BONDS

Which of the following nitrogenous bases is found in DNA but is not found in RNA? THYMINE
In RNA, the four nitrogenous bases are? GUANINE, ADENINE, CYOSINE & URACIL
In DNA, the four nitrogenous bases are? GUAINE, ADENINE, CYOSINE & THYMINE