Anatomy and Physiology Essay

Submitted By malaniesmokey
Words: 1372
Pages: 6

AXIAL SKELETON
Sphenoid Bone
Greater / Lesser wings
Temporal surfaces
Orbital surfaces
Anterior / Posterior Clinoid processes
Sella Turcica
Pterygoid processes Lateral plate Medial plate Pterygoid canals
Optic foramen
Superior orbital fissures
Foramen Rotundum
Foramen Spinosum
Foramen Lacerum
Foramen Ovale
Body
Sphenoid sinuses

Occipital Bone
Foramen Magnum
Hypoglossal canals
Occipital condyles
Superior / Inferior nuchal line
External occipital protuberance

Maxilla
Alveolar processes
Frontal processes
Orbital surface
Palatal process
Maxillary sinuses
Zygomatic process
Infraorbital foramen

Zygomatic Bone
Temporal process
Frontal process
Maxillary process

Sutures
Frontal (coronal)
Sagittal
Lambdoidal
Squamosal

Temporal Bone
Petrous portion
Squamous portion
Zygomatic process
Mandibular fossa
Auditory meatus
Styloid process
Mastoid process
Mastoid sinuses
Stylomastoid foramen
Jugular foramen

Ethmoid Bone
Crista galli
Cribriform plate
Perpendicular plate
Orbital surface
Superior concha
Nasal sinuses
Middle concha
Olfactory foramina

Frontal Bone
Glabella
Frontal sinuses
Lacrimal fossa
Supraorbital foramen

Lacrimal Bone
Lacrimal fossa

Mandible
Alveolar processes
Body
Angle
Ramus
Coronoid processes
Condyles
Mandibular notch
Mental foramen
Mandibular foramen
Mylohyoid line

Vomer

Fontanelles
Frontal (Anterior)
Posterior (Occipital)
Posterior-lateral (Mastoid)-2
Anterior-lateral (Sphenoid)-2 Atlas Superior / Inferior articular surface Anterior / Posterior tubercles Vertebral foramen Axis Dens Superior / Inferior articular surface Vertebral foramen Body Cervical Vertebra Transverse foramen Bifid spinous process Vertebral foramen Intervertebral foramen

Thoracic Vertebra
Body
Transverse process
Spinous process
Pedicles
Lamina
Vertebral foramen
Intervertebral foramen
Superior / Inferior articular surface
Demifacet
Transverse facet (Articular surface)

Lumbar Vertebra
Body
Transverse process
Spinous process
Pedicles
Lamina
Vertebral foramen
Intervertebral foramen
Superior / Inferior articular surface
Demifacet

Palatine Bone Nasal Bone Hyoid Greater horns Lesser horns Body Ribs Tubercle Head Neck Costal groove Angle Sternum Manubrium Body Xiphoid process Jugular Notch Coccyx Sacrum Ala Base Apex Sacral foramina Transverse lines Sacral promontory Median sacral crest Sacral hiatus Superior articular process

FORAMINA OF THE SKULL | FORAMEN LOCATION STRUCTURES PASSING THROUGH | Carotid | Petrous portion temporal | Internal carotid artery | Hypoglossal | Superior to base of occipital Condyles | Hypoglossal nerve and branch of ascending pharyngeal artery | Inferior orbital fissure | Between greater wing of Sphenoid and Maxilla | Maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve, Zygomatic nerve, and infraorbital vessels | Infraorbital | Inferior to orbit in maxilla | Infraorbital nerve and artery | Jugular | Posterior to carotid canal between petrous portion of temporal and occipital | Internal jugular vein, glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve, accessory nerve, and sigmoid sinus | Lacerum | Bounded anteriorly by sphenoid, posteriorly by petrous portion of temporal and medially by the sphenoid and occipital | Internal carotid artery and branch of ascending pharyngeal artery | Lacrimal | Lacrimal bone | Lacrimal (tear) duct | Magnum | Occipital bone | Medulla oblongata and its membranes, the accessory nerve and the vertebral and spinal…