Make sure you prepare yourself well in advance of the exam. Revise in the way that suits you and make sure you cover EVERYTHING that you have been taught.
Ask your teacher for help if you are stuck on any topics.
READ THE QUESTION - what is it asking you for?
HOW MANY MARKS IS IT WORTH?
ANSWER THE QUESTION - don’t waffle on!
CHECK YOUR ANSWER MAKES SENSE
Religion and animal rights
How should we treat animals?
What status should animals have in comparison to humans?
Do animals have rights?
Animal rights’ groups and protesting; Animal welfare groups (WWF, RSPCA) monitor the treatment of animals – cruelty and neglect of animals is a criminal offence.
How do different religions view animals?
STEWARDSHIP (caring for/protect)
God created the world and put humans in charge – RESPONSIBILITY
“On the sixth day God created the animals” Genesis 1
God made Noah look after all of the animals.
God made the animals as part of his creation
“God said to guard the earth and cultivate it” Genesis 1
“Aren’t two sparrows sold for two pennies, yet not one goes unnoticed by God.” Matthew
“God made man in his image” Genesis 1
Humans are unique and have souls. Animals do not have a special place with God
“Control the earth and subdue it” Genesis
In the Garden of Eden God allowed Adam to name the animals.
“Every living creature shall be yours to eat” Genesis Jataka Tales – the Buddha remembers all of his past lives, some of which he was an animal, and in others he sacrificed his life for that of an animal.
HOWEVER – karmic debt of animals, must have donesomething bad in a previous life and live out their debt in animal lives therefore animal lives are of less value.
Pets – ALL faiths expect humane treatment of animals.
Transport and work - Animals used to transport people and goods, use of guide dogs and sniffer dogs. Religious views state that animals must be cared for, not beaten or overworked. The use of animals for therapeutic (healing) effect is supported.
Sport – Should we use animals in hunting and bullfighting? Should greyhound and pigeon racing remain legal?
Vegetarianism – Why are some people vegetarians or vegans? Many Buddhists are vegetarian – why is this? Muslims and Jews have food laws which tell them which animals they may eat and how to kill them (Halal and Kosher). There are no specific religious teachings for Christians.
What are the fur and ivory trades? Why do people object to wearing fur?
The ivory trade is illegal everywhere HOWEVER limited sales have been carried out where the animals have been said to have died.
Does this encourage poaching though?
Animal experiments (Vivisection)
Testing for medicinal or cosmetic purposes? Why do people agree or disagree with this?
Genetic modification (altering the natural make up of animals) – what does this involve? What are the advantages and disadvantages of it?
(a) Give two ways in which animals and humans are different. (2 marks)
(b) Explain why some religious believers are vegetarians. (4 marks)
(c) ‘Religious believers should not keep animals as pets.’ What do you think? Explain your opinion. (3 marks)
(d) Explain the attitudes of religious people towards the cloning of animals. Refer to religious teaching in your answer. (3 marks)
(e) ‘Religious believers should do more to protect animal rights.’ Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer, showing that you have thought about more than one point of view. Refer to religious arguments in your answer.(6 marks)
(a) What is factory farming? (1 mark)
(b) Give two reasons why many religious believers are against the fur and ivory trade. (2 marks)
(c) ‘Religious believers should not eat meat.’ What do you think? Explain your opinion. (3 marks)
(d) Explain the attitudes of religious people to experiments on animals. Refer