Step One: Smithson chooses the location on the north eastern shore of the Great Salt Lake near Rozel point in Utah. Smithson chose this location based on the blood red colour of the water and its connection with the primordial sea.
Step Two: Smithson didn’t know what he wanted to do in the space until he got there and was inspired by the red water and the lakes salt crystals, which grow in a spiralling, crystalline formation.
Step Three: Smithson then makes various sketches and plans of the spiral jetty, until he came to a finale design (1,500 foot long counter clock wise coil.)
Step Four: Smithson had to gain an acquisition of land rights and earthmoving equipment.
Step Five: Smithson then had to find a construction company willing to be part of the production, but struggled to find one willing until he found Bob Phillips of Parsons Construction of nearby Ogden, Utah who agreed to help.
Step Six: They used two dump trucks, a large tractor and a front end loader to haul 6,650 tons of basalt rock and earth into the lake. Construction took six days, until it was finished to the artists liking. ‘He would raise each rock up and roll it around, then he would move this one, change that one until it looked exactly right.’
Step Seven: Two years after its completion the spiral jetty completely disappeared under water, but a major drought brought the spiral jetty to the surface again in 2002. It is said that the repeated process of submersion and re-emergence will ultimately lead to the erosion of the spiral jetty and the work will cease to exist.
Street art: Banksy
Step One: Banksy chooses location usually a wall, street or bridge.
Step two: Banksy designs the stencil (picture) on a piece of paper.
Step Three: Final design on paper is glued onto a piece of card.
Step Four: Design is cut out with a hand knife, making it into the final product that is a stencil.
Step Five: The stencil is then given to a spray painter who goes to the location Banksy has sited in step one and sprays on the picture using the stencil and spray paint.
Step Six: Design is seen by thousands as it usually t5akes a while for the police to identify the graffiti and organise for it to be taken down. Banksy says this takes time as police in England wear hats that hide their eyebrows which is supposed to make them seem more athorotive but also restricts there sighting abilitys because they cant see three metres above the ground without having to lift their heads, so they don’t tend to see Banksys graffiti that is sprayed on the bridges and the tops of walls for exactly this reason.
Step Seven: the graffiti is washed off or painted over.
Oil painting: Kehinde Wiley.
Step One: aesthetically chosen African American urban men who the artist pulls of the street and asks them to model for him. Generally the men are from the hip hop generation.
Step Two: The artist and the model sit in the studio and discuss painting and art history, eventually Wiley has the model choses a pose out of one of the art history books. In this case the model chose a 1812 painting by Theodore Gericault called the officer of the Hussars. (A man sitting on a horse/rearing horse holding a saber in his right hand.)
Step Three: Photographs are taken of the model in this pose and then are sent to the computer where they are digitized. Then the artist can manipulate the photo by changing the colours to his liking and taking some colours away.
Step Four: The photos are downloaded on a disk where they are then digitally projected onto the canvas.
Step Five: The images of the model are then drawn on the canvas by Kehinde and sepia under painting is applied.
Step Six: The artists assistances then paint on three layers, the first is the under painting and then a type of structural blending and finally a final sweep of glazing and heightening with colour and shade is applied to finish the painting off. (All painting is done in oil paints.)