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The means of conceiving by ways other than natural intercourse. The injection of semen into the vagina or uterus other than by sexual intercourse.
I. What is AI? A. The injection of semen into the vagina or uterus other than by sexual intercourse. B. Also, procedure used to treat infertility that involves direct insertion of semen into a woman's womb. The sperm could originate from the woman's male partner, unless the male is infertile or there is no male partner (i.e. single woman or persons in same sex relationship).
I.I. History of AI A. It is a process originally used on livestock that has been adapted for human use. B. According to lawlink.nsw.gov.au, Lazaro Spallanzani, an Italian priest and Professor of the University of Pavia succeeded in making a married woman pregnant by artificial insemination in 1785, and that she gave birth to a child as a result.
II. Different types of AI. A. Intrauterine insemination- also known as (IUI) is the most common type of artificial insemination. It involves inserting sperm, either from a partner or donor, into the uterus with a catheter. The procedure is generally painless and takes only a few minutes. B.Intratubal insemination- Also known as (ITI) involves inserting sperm into the fallopian tubes; Involves making an incision into the abdomen. A camera is placed into the incision to find the precise location of the fallopian tubes; once the tubes are located, sperm is placed inside the tubes with a catheter. C. Intravaginal insemination- Also known as (IVI) is the least common artificial insemination form. This type of insemination is the least invasive of the four types and can be performed by the individual themselves. Partner or donor sperm is simply taken up by a syringe from a container and then inserted into the vagina. It is a good option for couples who may have problems with ejaculation during intercourse. D. In Vitro Fertilization- Also known as IVF is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body
III. Costs A. ICI- typically costs between $200 and $350- 5% - 30% success rate B. IUI- $300-$700 per treatment. With the cost of ultrasounds and fertility medication added in the price can go up to $1500-$4000 per treatment. - 5-20% success rate C. IVI- costs per cycle could rise to $300 to $400. - 10% success rate D. IVF- average cost of an IVF cycle in the U.S. is $12,400- 30 to 35% for women