The function of assessment in learning and development is primarily to inform the tutor of the progress that a learner is making, whilst completing a qualification or course.
Assessment can be carried out through formative (learning is assessed throughout the course) and/ or summative (learning is assessed at the end of a course). An example of formative assessment would be diagnostic testing, this would be carried out at the beginning of the course. Diagnostic testing would be used to assess a learner’s capabilities. This is usually carried out through a series of questions that the learner would have to complete, to demonstrate competence in a particular area. An example of summative assessment would be an exam at the end of the course, which is usually externally assessed.
Assessment allows the learner to receive feedback throughout the course, this can provide the learner with confidence, as well as help to engage to the learner on the subject that is being taught.
The purpose of assessment is also to measure the learners understanding of the subject, against the anticipated outcomes set by the criteria.
I feel that within the role of an assessor, it is essential to ensure that assessment decisions are consistently reviewed and internally/externally verified. This would support the awarding institutions quality assurance and on-going development of best practice.
1.2 Define the key concepts and principles of assessment
Assessment has numerous key concepts and principles these include:
Validity – Assessment decisions must be justified with clear referencing of assessment criteria stated by the examining body. If another lecturer/teacher was to assess the same piece of work, the same grade should be awarded for that piece of work, assessment decisions should be based on fact, as opposed to opinion, there should be a set mark scheme that the piece of work is marked against.
Reliability – The assessment decisions must be by an assessor that is competent within the remit of the work they are assessing, a construction assessor should not be assessing a piece of work for a hair and beauty qualification. This would help to ensure that the piece of work is being assessed by a subject specialist.
Fairness – Assessment must be