AMU PSYC 304
Perception is a complex process it just doesn’t just happen. Individuals are not fully aware of the behind the scene processes of perception. The organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information to stimuli in the environment make up the core of perception. Physical and chemical stimulation of the sense organs send signals that are perceived by the nervous system. Perception can be broken down into two distinct processes. The first part is the input that takes low-level information to higher-level information. This can be explained in the manner of how the sensory extracts shapes for object recognition. (Bregman, 1990) The second part which formulates the in-depth process involves heuristics. Heuristics are surrounded in the approach of discovery or problem solving. The process is not always deemed optimal but the purpose served is to provide practical methodology for the goals presented. In other words heuristics are basically mental shortcuts for decision making. These strategies are accessible even though not always applicable. (Goldstein, 2010) The connection of these processes of perception and heuristics are vital in the auditory scene. The breakdown on how individual group sounds is important and vital in understanding the effects of the environment and how people perceive. Elements of sound and how people perceive directly affect how things are viewed. The ability to dissect sounds allows for focus to be streamline in an environment with many mitigating objects.
Auditory perception is how the auditory system prioritizes sound in meaningful elements. Sound exists in the form of vibrations. The ears convert these vibrations into nerve impulses. The brain interprets these impulses. The brain turns the mass of noises into the meaningful elements. Discrimination is used regards to auditory perception. Discrimination is noting the difference between sounds, which focuses on the important noises and ignores the irrelevant ones. The model is called Auditory Scene Analysis. Like other key sensory groups the auditory scene uses a number of different heuristics. (Goldstein, 2010) The environment plays a huge role in the auditory scene. The environment and the stimuli are analyzed by the auditory scene. There are binaural cues for sound location. Sound mixtures from various parts of an environment enter the ears as a single wave. The signals must be extracted from the individual sources of sound. This is the process known as auditory scene analysis. Frequency components are broken down into subsets which represent a single environmental sound source. (Bregman, 1990)The process exploits the signal to determine how to understand the waveform. The environment is affected by many different complicated sequences of sound. These sounds are segregated so the coherent perception is reached. Auditory scene analysis was known as the cocktail party problem. The processing of all the sound sources signal emissions must have a level of predictability. The disentangling is a complex system that involves the ability to infer likely sounds from overlapping ones. This means that two different types of decomposition are required to reach the expected result. This can be difficult because the ear only has a single pressure wave. This is the sum of the waves coming from multiple sounds. (Bregman, 1990) Multiple sounds occurring at once must first be identified as the same or different sound sources. This can be tedious process in which heuristics plays a significant role. In a familiar environment the process is much more streamlined. However, in new stimuli it is essential to breakdown sounds. This is known as grouping. There are binaural cues which help to locate sound. There is interaural time difference and interaural level difference. (Goldstein, 2010) Time difference is based on that sounds reaches the ears at different points. If the sound in