Canada During World War 1

Submitted By yarking
Words: 6099
Pages: 25

½ cup of butter
4 cups of icing sugar
Tablespoon of vanilla
2 table spoons of milk\

Beat butter, mix sugar in 1 cup at a time First World War

At the beginning of the First World War on 4 August 1914, Canada became involved in the conflict by virtue of Britain's declaration. Some European nations were using airplanes for military purposes and Canada's Minister of Militia and Defence, Sam Hughes, who was organizing the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), inquired how Canada could assist military aviation.[6]
London answered with a request for six experienced pilots immediately, but Hughes was unable to fill the requirement.

The Burgess-Dunne was Canada's first military aircraft, although it never saw military service

Hughes did authorize the creation of a small aviation unit to accompany the CEF to Britain and on 16 September 1914, the Canadian Aviation Corps (CAC) was formed with two officers, one mechanic, and $5000 to purchase an aircraft from the Burgess Company in Massachusetts, for delivery to Valcartier, near Quebec City. The Burgess-Dunne biplane was delivered on 1 October
1914, and was shipped immediately to England. On arrival, the biplane was transported to
Salisbury Plain where the CEF was marshalled for training. The craft never flew. It quickly deteriorated in the damp winter climate.[6] By May 1915, the CAC no longer existed.[7]
During the First World War over 20,000 Canadians volunteered to serve with the Royal Flying
Corps (RFC) and the Royal Naval Air Service, producing such aces as William Barker, W.A. "Billy"
Bishop, Naval Pilot Raymond Collishaw, Roy Brown, and Wilfrid "Wop" May.[8] In 1917 the RFC opened training airfields in Canada to recruit and train Canadian airmen. The Canadian government advanced the RFC money to open an aircraft factory in Toronto, Canadian
Aeroplanes, but did not otherwise take part.[9]

Sopwith Dolphins of No.1 (Fighter) Squadron, CAF

In 1915, Britain suggested that Canada should consider raising its own air units. However, it was not until spring 1918, that the Canadian government proposed forming a wing of eight squadrons for service with the Canadian Corps in France. Rather than the proposed eight squadrons, the
British Air Ministry formed two Canadian squadrons (one bomber, one fighter). On 19 September
1918, the Canadian government authorized the creation of the Canadian Air Force (CAF) to take control of these two squadrons under the command of Canada's Lieutenant-Colonel W.A. Bishop, the leading ace of the British Empire and the first Canadian aviator awarded the Victoria Cross.[8]
In June 1919 the British government cut funding to the squadrons, and in February 1920, the
Canadian Air Force in Europe was disbanded, never having flown any operations.[10]
There had been some thought that these two European squadrons would be the nucleus of a new
Canadian air force[11] Indeed, some members of the CAF believed they were to become members of a new permanent air force.[12] However, on 30 May 1919 the Canadian government decided against a new military air force because it was felt none was needed.[13]
Inter-war years

After the war, Britain committed Canada to the International Convention for Air Navigation, part of the Peace Convention signed by Britain in Paris in 1919. Canada was required to control air navigation and traffic within its borders. To accomplish this, Canada instituted the Air Board, whose task was mainly regulatory but it was also responsible for controlling civil aviation and handling air defence.[14]
One of the Air Board's first responsibilities was managing the operation of over 100 surplus aircraft that been given to Canada by the British Government to help Canada with air defence.
Several flying boat aircraft and other