Case Study Essay

Submitted By dalia2525
Words: 1284
Pages: 6

The Case for Contamination 1- Cosmopolitans take cultural difference seriously, because they take the choices individual people make seriously. But because cultural difference is not the only thing that concerns them, they suspect that many of globalization's cultural critics are aiming at the wrong targets. 2- Globalization can produce homogeneity. But globalization is also a threat to homogeneity 3- we cannot afford to subsidize indefinitely thousands of distinct islands of homogeneity that no longer make economic sense 4- But preserving culture - in the sense of such cultural artifacts - is different from preserving cultures. 5- The preservationists often make their case by invoking the evil of "cultural imperialism 6- It's no accident that the West's fiercest adversaries among other societies tend to come from among the most Westernized of the group 7- Sometimes, people react to the incursions of the modern world not by appropriating the values espoused by the liberal democracies but by inverting them. 8- They resist the crass consumerism of modern Western society and deplore its influence in the rest of the world. 9- A tenable global ethics has to temper a respect for difference with a respect for the freedom of actual human beings to make their own choices.
Theory, Culture & Society 1- The world culture is created through the increasing interconnectedness of varied local cultures 2- Today its international integration that determines universality with national culture has an air of provincialism 3- “Cosmopolitan “to describe just about anybody who moves about in the world 4- Such a view of the present in cultural terms may help us identify the cosmopolitan 5- The perspective of the cosmopolitan must entail relationships to a plurality of cultures understood as distinctive entities 6- The perspective of the cosmopolitan may indeed be composed only from experiences of different cultures of this kind. 7- One may identify a number of different tribes as the people involved from rather separate sets of social relationships ,and as the specialized contents of theses cultures are of many kinds 8- Some transnational cultures are more insulated from local practices than others 9- There is now one world culture

The Clash of Civilizations

1-It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.
2- The dominating source of conflict will be cultural
3- Conflict between civilizations will be the latest phase of the evolution of conflict in the modern world.
4- DURING THE COLD WAR the world was divided in terms of their level of economic development but rather in terms of their culture and civilization.
5- A civilization is thus the highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identity people have short of that which distinguishes humans from other species
6- The civilization to which he belongs is the broadest level of identification with which he intensely identifies. People can and do redefine their identities and, as a result, the composition and \boundaries of civilizations change.
7- Civilizations are dynamic; they rise and fall; they divide and merge.
8- Eight major civilizations. These include Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American and possibly African civilization.
9-1- Civilizations are differentiated from each other by history, language, culture, tradition and, most important, religion’
They are far more fundamental than differences among political ideologies and political regimes.
2- The world is becoming a smaller place.
3- The processes of economic modernization and social change throughout the world are separating people from longstanding local identities.
4- The growth of civilization-consciousness is enhanced by the dual role of the West.
5- Cultural characteristics and