The Europeans have been coming to the Americas since the late 1400s. As time passed, the big nations in the European continent ended up colonizing the Americas. The big nations that included France, England, Portugal, Spain, and the French decided the Americas were useful for more than just colonization; they were useful for resources and new ideas. There were trade between the Natives and Europeans that caused big epidemic problems, colonization that led to new races, different economical ideas that formed, and both helped shape and destroy each other. As the Europeans invaded and started to colonize, they did not only bring food, equipment, and the thought of trade with the Natives, they also brought disease. Some nations like England, wanted to trade and keep peace with the Indians, but as the nations started to trade, they spread diseases into the Americas. As the Natives had never seen these types of diseases, the Native American population began to decrease dramatically. The primary diseases that were spread were epidemic diseases such as influenza, plague, smallpox, measles, and typhus. Since the natives had no antibodies to help protect them, people became sick, which made them not be able to retaliate and fight back the colonization. In each side of the continent, the disease spread equally as each of the European nations came to colonize. In the South, Spain attacked with force, and killed a lot of people as they were weakened by diseases. However the English traded and made peace with them, and the trading lead to the disease. The diseases in the Americas spread and killed about 90% of the Natives, and it spread ahead of the Europeans as the Europeans had a somewhat antibody defense to the disease. The Americas’ populations were created by a more complex story than the Europeans colonizing and wiping out the Natives with diseases and force. The Europeans that colonized the Americas were English, Portuguese, Spanish, and French. The English and French came to the Americas as conquest, to seek out more land, to find out what is beyond the seas. They traded, and made peace with each other and left each other alone after the discovery of each other. However, the Spanish and Portuguese attacked different civilizations in the tropics, such as the Aztecs for their riches of gold and silver. At first, they attacked looking for spices, pepper and salt. As the Spanish colonized the Aztecs, the Spanish began to produce children with the Aztecs, which created a new set of people called the Mestizos. The Mestizo population was created when the Spanish attacked the Aztecs. As they invaded in search for riches, gold and silver, they decided to take over the civilization and make it into theirs. As they took over, the civilization of the Aztecs became a part of the Spanish empire, which soon came the crossing of races, the Spanish and Natives, which were called the Mestizos. The contact with the natives helped change the Europeans in many ways. The Natives gave them food, supplies, and land for the Europeans. Even though some nations attacked and forcibly took land, some stayed peaceful and traded. From the New world, the Americas, the Natives gave the European something called “miracle crops”. These “miracle crops” were potatoes and maize (corn). Even though the potatoes were a bit small, they helped the Europeans help eat for a longer amount of time. The contact with the Europeans helped change the natives also. The Europeans, in exchange for the crops and some animals, gave them back a lot of things too. The Europeans gave them sugar, rice, and coffee in exchange for the miracle crops. They also gave them horses, which gave the natives more power and travel time. It helped changed the lives of nomadic hunters in the Americas. The natives also started to invade each other after getting the weapons and equipment that helped them become stronger tribes. However, they also gave them something bad; they gave them…
Chapter 2- Notes
Fact one-In Germany in the Neander Valley a human skull was found but instead of having a forehead it had two thick ridges above the eyebrows.
Fact two- this era has no actual names or dates it only has estimates therefore it is called Pre-History it comes before history.
Fact Three-During this time they had to have tools so tools were made out of stone and where eventually shaped to be useful.
Fact Four- because of the stone tools made in the era we call it the Stone Age…
Discussion Questions for Chapter 2
1. What is Chapter 2’s main point?
This chapter discusses the thirteen types of decisions professionals from a number of fields ask their audiences to make and the effectiveness of learning your audience’s information requirements for each type of decision. By classifying these audience decisions and the documents, presentations, and interactions that elicit these decisions, professionals have the ability to more accurately predict the information their audiences…
Chapter 2, which is titled Database Types, is about the different types of databases and the different types of data that databases can store. The book defines database as a tool that stores data, and lets you create, read, update and delete the data in some manner. I thought that this definition was very broad at first but after reading more it began to make sense.
Chapter 2 also discusses what kinds if databases are most common. I learned that the relational database is by far the most popular…
How does Fitzgerald tell the story in Chapter 2?
Fitzgerald begins the chapter with a vivid yet hellish image of the valley of ashes, contrasting vastly with Tom’s opulent party explored in chapter 1. He describes the setting as ‘desolate’ suggesting a lack of life and culture in the area, with connotations of alone and abandoned. He has Nick’s description lack colour through the ‘ash-grey men’, ‘grey cars’ and ‘rising smoke’; for Nick to describe men as ‘grey’ highlights his detached view that…
Nasser Alsaadawi Alsaadawi 1
Summary of the first four chapters
In general all writing needs a reason. People write to learn more about whom they are, how they feel about something and to keep diaries when things happen to try in some way transfer it to other by more logical way. We might also, promote people to understand our point or to act in a smellier way like us. As a matter of fact, to knowledge the main point of the writing can aid our writing and…
Chapter 2 Essay
There were two different types of philosophers in the Greek era. The first philosophers to evolve were the naturalists. They believed that although the world does not stop changing there is something out there that will forever remain constant. Following the naturalists were the Sophists who turned their attention away from the world and toward the mind and morals. Both of these philosophy styles were very influential in the art society. The sculptures, architecture, and literature…
Chapter 2: Strategy
Strategy is the definitive tool for building, communicating, and maintaining the direction of a business. The intention of strategy is to take the basic ideas of a business, such as those reflected in the vision, mission and values, and to express them in operational terms (terms useful for analysis and action). Strategy can be thought of in terms of four related components: goals, product market focus, value proposition, and core activities.
l. Goals: What does the business…
Chapter 2: Managing your fear of speaking
1. Communication anxiety: those unpleasant feelings and fears you may experience before or during a presentation
-turn the nervousness into positivity and that it shows that you care
-even professionals feel the same way, but they learn how to turn the butteries to fly instead
2. Steps in controlling communication anxiety
1. Understanding it
2. Managing it
-the goal is not to get rid of the anxiety, but to help you control your butterflies and channeling…
While reading Chapter 10, Sigmud Freud's theory, the Psychoanalytical
Theory, is one of many topics that I fount interesting. I've always
believed in the idea that most of our own behavior is motivated by our
unconscious minds. It was always questionable to me when people said
thinks like, "I really don't like that" then, quickly try to replace their mean
words with kind ones like, "Oh no! I mean I do like that…