Civil War Paper Many years leading up to and through the Civil War, whether or not slavery should be abolished was a major debate among politicians and common folk alike. One of the many debates going around was the similarities or differences—depending on which side you took—between indentured servants and black slaves. Some argued that indentured servants were there by their own free will, and therefore preserved their liberty; and that slavery a black man was forced upon them, and thereby did not preserve their liberty, which according to the Declaration of Independence, was owed to every man. While some argued that slavery of a black man was not, in fact, wrong, pointing to the similarities between the two. Some pointed out that the U.S. Constitution, through the way it dictates the people be governed, allows slavery, and creates guidelines by which slavery is managed; while others point to the declaration of independence, saying that it grants its freedoms to all people, regardless of race, and that you can’t separate the Constitution from the Declaration of Independence. Abolitionists argued that since slavery violates the Declaration of Independence, it should be abolished through the power of congress; while those in favor of slavery claimed that the central government should not hold that power and that the states should regulate what is permitted inside their borders. In 1828, Congress passed a tariff labeled the Tariff of Abominations, which put a tax on anything imported from out of the country. Because Europe was able to sell goods to the South at prices the North could not match, it forced the South to pay higher prices for goods from the north, suppressing the Southern economy and helping the North. This put the South in uproar and in 1832, Congress lowered the tariff, but it was unsatisfactory to many in the South. In 1833, South Carolina declared that the tariff was unconstitutional and nullified it inside its borders. Later that year Congress passed both a force bill, which authorized the President to use military force to enforce the tariff, and a new compromise tariff, which was satisfactory to South Carolina. South Carolina repealed its nullification ordinance later that year. During that time John C. Calhoon resigned as Vice President under Andrew Jackson. Their views clashed over nullification, Calhoon believed that if a state didn’t like a federal law, it could nullify it; Jackson thought that only Congress could nullify a federal law The Kansas-Nebraska act of 1854, created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands for settlement and repealed the Missouri Compromise; and it led to the bleeding of Kansas, a series of violent political confrontations between 1854 and 1861. It allowed white male settlers to determine whether or not it would be a free or slave-territory. The result was that masses of pro and anti-slavery people flooded into Kansas with the goal of voting up or voting down slavery. The act was designed by Senator Stephen A. Douglas. He hoped that the act would ease the debate over slavery and that he would not have to choose a side on the issue. Kansas had banned slavery until the act reopened it, causing much uproar in the north saying that the rich slave-owners would buy up all the good land and leave the leftovers to everyone else. Most of the first immigrants were from Missouri, the settled pro-slavery towns such as leavensworth and Atchison. Soon after, many northerners came and settled in Kansas, helped by the New England Immigrant Aid Company; they procured many towns such as Lawrence, Topeka and Manhattan. A rumor spread in the South that thousands of northerners were arriving in Kansas; many believed this false rumor and in 1854 thousands of armed southerners known as ‘Border Ruffians’ poured into Kansas mostly from Missouri. They swayed the vote to
January 23, 2012
Historical Research Essay:
Abraham Lincoln- Emancipation Proclamation
As the glowing sun set over the bloody fields of Antietam, the Civil War became a different War. Five days after the battle at Antietam was won, armed with pen and paper, Abraham Lincoln changed the war when he issued, one of the most important and controversial documents in America history, the Emancipation Proclamation.…
Zionism was becoming a popular concept by the time World War I began.
World War I and Chaim Weizmann
During World War I, Great Britain needed help. Since Germany (Britain's enemy during WWI) had cornered the production of acetone -- an important ingredient for arms production -- Great Britain may have lost the war if Chaim Weizmann had not invented a fermentation process that allowed the British to manufacture their own liquid acetone.…
WRITING THE RESEARCH PAPER
In between the choosing of a topic and the final typing of the last revision lie a series of skills which, if learned thoroughly, might well be the most important and most permanent academic possession acquired in four years of college.…
James Randall 1960s-1970s:
The Civil War was a result of the Blundering Generation. He believes the North and South had no differences that would require war, saying that slavery was crumbling and would have died out with some time. The Civil War could only be accounted for by the political ineptitude of leaders in the government.…
Congress did not create legal paper money until 1862
This power to print money was challenged in the courts but finally upheld by the
Supreme Court in 1871 and 1884
The Other Expressed Powers
1. Foreign Policy
a. The President is the main authority in foreign affairs
b. Congress does have some key powers involving foreign policy
In fact, over 50 nations had some input prior to the adoption of the final draft.
The thirty Articles which comprise the UDHR provide a broad set of personal liberties and rights that are, by inherent nature, fundamental to all persons everywhere.…
HISTORY FINAL EXAM PREP: The Cold War
1) What was the most important factor that led to the rise of the cold war?
Wanted to invade France but the US wasn’t ready ( Battle of Stalingrad 1942) Soviets asked again in 1943 and US didn’t, Stalin started doubting the US
Second Front Controversy: Manhattan project- creation of the atomic bomb (Sec ret project), didn’t ask Soviet Union to have their scientists help, or input, US and Great Britain excluded Soviets because they did not trust them.…
Presidential Studies Quarterly
1940s war, Cold War and consumerism. (2005).
Pollard, C. (2006). Her kind: Anne Sexton, the Cold War and
the idea of the housewife. Critical Quarterly, 48(3), 1-24.
in class discussion.