Compare and Contrast essay

Submitted By TiffaniJackson
Words: 918
Pages: 4

Everywhere you go, there’s a different religion. In India the most common religion is Hinduism which is the belief of reincarnation. That means the soul is reborn into a new body that lives again and again on earth until it becomes perfect and reunites with its source. In China, the most dominate belief is Buddhism which is somewhat similar to Hinduism, but it is the belief in reincarnation that one is reborn and is enlightened. When comparing China and India’s religious values, there are three main ideas that you need to know in order to completely understand the religions: reincarnation and afterlife, views on human abortion, and there religious values and beliefs. To begin with the differences of the religious views of reincarnation, In China, Buddha, which is the dominate god of the religion, explained reincarnation or the taking on of a new body in the next life, in a different way than the traditional Indian understanding. According to, he compared it to lighting candles and using the flame of the preceding candle for the following candles. Although each flame is causally connected to the one that came before it, it is not the same flame. After the soul is reincarnated and it is perfect, it reaches nirvana. Nirvana is the last stage of the cycle of death and rebirth which is also known as the stage of the end of long suffering. In India, Hindu’s believe that a human has to live many lives and go through many experiences to be perfect, this process is known to Hindu’s as Samsara. Hindu’s feel that in order to control samsara, they have to go by the law of karma. They believe that everyone gets karma. Good actions create good karma, and bad actions create bad karma. Hindus believe in Moksha, which is the release from Samsara (reincarnation).So in a way, their views on reincarnation and the afterlife are very similar but still different, because after achieving Moksha, a Hindu person's soul is joined with Brahman( the dominant Hindu god), while nirvana is the complete wiping from existence after the individual is enlightened.

Secondly, the similarities and differences between Buddhist and Hindu religious views on abortions. Buddhists agree with the fact that abortion is the taking of one’s life, but they also disagree with engaging in a woman’s personal decision to take away a pregnancy. According to, Traditional Buddhism may discourage abortion, but it also discourages imposing rigid moral absolutes (being involved in someone’s personal decision). On the other hand, according to the Hindu religion, unless the woman’s health is in danger, having an abortion goes against their religious teachings. In addition to this statement, states that the Hindu teaching of the word “Karma”, the result of good and bad actions, makes abortions improper. In this teaching, the opposite of life is thought to be re-birthed. Abortion causes termination not only to the unborn, but also to the unborn child’s karma. Hindu’s believe that negative karma goes to those who interrupt karma’s continuing cycle. To compare the two religious views on abortions, they both believe that abortion is taking one’s life.

Lastly, beliefs and practices. The basic beliefs of a Buddhist include the Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path. states that the Buddha taught that life contains Dukkha, which is in essence sorrow/suffering, that is caused by craving and it can be brought to cessation by following the Noble Eightfold Path. The