The purpose of this report was to compare and contrast the habitat, flora and fauna of a plantation and ancient woodland.A visit was required to two woodland sites and obtained similar results , and then recorded the different organisms and their habitats and seen how they each were adapted to their environment and habitat.My hypothesis for this report was that there will be significance difference of the habitat, fauna and flora from the ancient and plantation and will prove this my results and findings from these two woodlands
Woodlands and forest of one kind or another cover about 10% of Britain and have a noticeable effect on the countryside.The woodland is made up of habitats where the trees are the dominant feature ,there are various trees that canopy and interlink with eachother and shades majority of the ground.The woodlands does not just consist of trees but many its a habitat to many flora and faunas. An example of this would be ferns,lichens and mosses as well as different types plants, grass, herbs and small flowers.Because the woodland is so diverse there will be a range of varieties if animals feeding on other plants. The woodland contiuenes to decompose or waste dead materials for other organisms to feed on.Some would even say its a self-recycling system the rotting woods and leafs from trees are a source of food to some of invertebrates.The amount of light that is exposed to the soil depends on the amount of plantation and trees form.There is also fungi and bacteria which are part of the woodlands.The trees compete for spacing, light, food and nutrients all of these factors determine how big the trees grow.This is why spacing has to be taken into consideration when planting so competing trees don’t cause stunt growths. Although there are similar plants and animals found between both woodlands but depends on the type involved.Ancient woods are those which originated before AD 1600.The biodiversity of the habitats in the Ancient woodlands are immense although most of the habitats are similar but the trees are much older and bigger in size, they are detailed in many ways like the cracked and mini holes.Ancients woodlands habitats rarer species because of it age its adapted to avoid and physical disturbance, This is an advantage to species that are rare to find or need particular conditions to live an example of this would be the black beetle, “Dorcatomo ambjoerna” this can only be found hollow beeches of trees.The plantation woodland rather than occurring naturally is planted and grown by the humans particular area whether this consist of one type of plant there is less biodiversity.Plantation woodland are characterised by trees of all the similar feature and all them are one age the species planted are mostly non native e.g conifer .
During the observation at the woodlands the results were obtained by carrying a specific procedure so that the result will be reliable. Firstly the right location had to be found for investigation, quadrates were used to measure the area that was being assessed this was done by picking two random numbers from number bag and calculate using percentages out of 100 and then pH of the soil was measured by a pH meter, circumference of the tree from a height at 1m we used a tape measurement to calculate the width of the tree depth of leaf litter. Some samples were placed in a plastic bag to be taken away back to the lab, also measurements of the concentration of light and the amounts of intrverbrates found were taken in the selected areas.we took someo of the samples of the invertrabetes that we did not identify back to the lab and used a key to help us.
Invertebrates found in plantation and ancient woodlands
Plantation Ancient woodland