Computer crime involves: Theft by computer (including identity theft and phis hing) Software piracy and intellectual property misuse Software sabotage (malw are- including worms, viruses, Trojan horses, e tc.) Hacking and electronic trespassing. The computer crime dossier Computer crime: any crime accomplished through knowledge or use of computer technology Businesses and government institutions lose billions of dollars every year to computer criminals The majority of crimes is committed by company insiders Typically covered up or not reported to authorities to avoid embarrassment According to a 2001 survey of over 500 companies and government agencies: 85% detected computer security breaches in the preceding 12 months Financial losses due to security breaches topped $377 million 70% reported that Internet connections were frequent points of attack Only 31% said that internal systems were frequent points of attack. Theft by computer Theft is the most common form of computer crime. Computers are used to steal Money Goods Information Computer resources One common type of computer theft today is the actual theft of computers, such as notebook and PDAs Notebook and PDAs are expensive Data stored on a computer can be more valuable Denial o f Service ( DOS) Attacks bombard servers and Web sites with so much bogus traffic that they are effectively shut down networks, denying service to legitimate customers and clients. Computer security Protecting computer systems and the information they contain against unwanted access, damage, modification, or destruction Two inherent characteristics A computer does exactly what it is programmed to do, including reveal sensitive information Can be reprogrammed Any computer can do only with it is programmed to do Cannot protect itself from malfunctions or deliberate attacks Physical access restrictions Identify people attempting to access computer equipment Usually using a number of tools and techniques. Depending on the security system, you might be granted access to a computer based on: Something you have A key, an ID card with a photo, or a smart card containing digitally encoded identification in a built-in memory chip Something you know A password, an ID number, a lock combination, or a piece of personal history, such as your mother’s maiden name Something you do Your signature or your typing speed and error patterns Something about you A voice print, fingerprint, retinal scan, facial feature scan, or other measurement of individual body characteristics; these measurements are collectively called biometrics. Passwords The most common tool for restricting access to a computer system Effective passwords are: Not real words Not names Changed frequently Kept secret A combination of letters and numbers Firewalls, encryption, and audits Firewalls A locked gate that opens only for information packets that can pass one or more security inspections Can be used for both corporations and individuals. Firewalls, encryption, and audits Encryption Encrypts a message by applying a secret numeric al code, called an encryption key The message is sent as an indecipherable garble of characters After it is received, it will be reconstructed with a matching key Audit-control software Monitor and record computer transactions as they happen so auditor can trace and identify suspicious computer activity after the fact To avoid the case that electromagnetic signals emanating from the computer hardware is “heard” so that some sensitive information is read. Backups and other precautions A power surge or failure can wipe out well protected data Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) Can protect computers from data loss during power failures Surge protectors Do not help during power failure Can shield electronic equipment from power spikes Backup Disasters cannot be avoided completely, so we
Beyond a reasonable doubt
Three-Fourths Majority (typically)
Unanimous (almost Always)
Damages to compensate for the harm or a decree to achieve an equitable result
Punishment (fine, imprisonment, or death).
White Collar Crime- involves an illegal act or series of acts committed by an individual or business entity using some nonviolent means to obtain a personal or business advantage.
Embezzlement- mail and wire fraud, bribery, bankruptcy fraud, insider trading and the theft…
This is a report that talks about how the rate of computer crime has increased so much over the last years. Computer forensics is a branch of digital forensic science pertaining to legal evidence found in computers and digital storage media. The goal of computer forensics is to examine digital media in a forensically manner with the aim of identifying, preserving, recovering, analyzing and presenting facts and opinions about the information. Computer crime is most common…
Computer Fraud Prevention
Computer Fraud Prevention
In this age of technology advancement, the use of computers has become essential for both personal and professional purposes. The use of computers is very important for communication, problem solving, and many other personal and professional issues. However, computer fraud and computer crimes have increasingly become major issues facing individual and organizational computer user. These issues include attacks…
Running Head: CATEGORIES OF COMPUTER CRIME
Categories of Computer Crime
This paper was prepared for Information Technology in Criminal Justice, taught by Prof. Ulysses Weakley.
This research paper will discuss in detail the four common categories of computer crimes and provide at least one example for each. Explain which of these categories of computer crimes presents the greatest overall threat…
Soc1500 Final Exam Review
Public Order Crimes – Chapter 13
Public Order Crimes- act interfere with public order, such as loitering for the purposes of prostitution
Immoral acts become crimes if they are harmful to the public
Vigilante- someone who takes the law into their own hands
Moral Crusades- efforts by interest groups to stamp out behaviour they find objectionable
Moral Entrepreneurs- interest groups that attempt to control social life and the legal order for the purpose of promoting…
Cybercrime can include but is not limited to child pornography, identity theft, online scams and credit card fraud. It is hard to record the extent of cybercrime because it is usually just recorded as a conventional crime or just fraud. We can control cybercrime by using copy-right infringement. If we would get stricter on first time offenders maybe we would be able to deter others from attempting to do cybercrime.Cybercrime
What is cybercrime in your own words?…
Part One: Crime
The nature of crime
The meaning of crime
Crime is an act or omission committed against the community at large that is punishable by the state. Crimes are made as a result of moral and ethical judgments by a society. They also vary from state to state e.g. in Australia it is legal for sex outside of marriage and the consumption of alcohol whilst in other countries it’s not.
A crime is any conduct which violates the rights of the community at large. The crime will be punishable…
but is the concept of "a life for a life" the best way to castigate a criminal? Of the thirteen states that do not have the death penalty, is crime more likely to occur there than in there been criminals wrongfully convicted and sentenced to death row? Does the death penalty really scare criminals off and make them think twice about
committing a crime? Is the death penalty fair to everyone, even the minorities and the poor? How does mental illness and retardation come into play?
When a person…
answer the questions purposed in writing assignment 6. The first question involves the hacking of the Sony PSN and the effects this has on organizations. The second question involves whether it is even reasonable to assume that organizations can have protection measures in place to stop the world’s best hackers. The third question involves whether or not hackers should be prosecuted and sent to jail. The fourth question involves the reluctance of organizations to operate in a transparent fashion.…
distributing viruses on other computers or posting confidential business information on the Internet. This includes login information, such as usernames and passwords, phone numbers, addresses, credit card numbers, bank account numbers, and other information criminals can use to "steal" another person's identity. Cybercrime is the latest and perhaps the most complicated problem in the cyber world. The use and advancement of technology has increased different types of crimes like the following; terrorism…