Conceptions of Self and Interpersonal Communication Essay

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The
Interpersonal
Communication
Book
13th Ed.

Joseph A. DeVito
Chapter Three:
Perception and the Self in Interpersonal Communication

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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

In order to have a conversation with someone you must reveal yourself.
James Baldwin

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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Self-Concept


Self concept: image of how you we see ourselves from 4 sources: 1.

Others’ images of you

2.

Social Comparison: comparing yourself to peers.

3.



Upward



Downward

Cultural Teachings: the way your culture instills in you your beliefs, values & attitudes.

4.

Self-evaluation: we react to our behavior, interpret or evaluate it.
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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Self-Awareness—Your Four Selves
 Open

Self
Open

Johari Window
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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Aspects of Self-Awareness
Self awareness – how well you know

yourself
The Johari Model emphasizes

four aspects of self

awareness
1.
2.
3.
4.

Open – known to self and others
Blind – known to others but not self
Hidden – known to self but not others
Unknown – no one knows

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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Self-Awareness—Your Four Selves
 Open

Self

 Blind

Self

Open

Blind

Johari Window
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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Self-Awareness—Your Four Selves
 Open

Self

 Blind

Self

 Hidden

Self

Open

Blind

Hidden

Johari Window
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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Self-Awareness—Your Four Selves
 Open

Self

 Blind

Self

 Hidden

Self

 Unknown

Open

Blind

Hidden

Unknown

Self
Johari Window
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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Increasing Self-Awareness
 Ask

Yourself about Yourself

 Listen
 Seek
 See

to Others

Information about Yourself

Your Different Selves

 Increase

Your Open Self
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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Self-Esteem: how valuable you think you are.
Ways to increase your self esteem
1. Attack self destructive beliefs
2. Seek out nourishing people
3. Work on projects that will result in success
4. Secure affirmation

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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Perception in Interpersonal
Communication
 Perception

is the process by which we become aware of objects, events, and people around us
 Interpersonal perception is a continuous series of processes that blend into each other  We separate processes into five stages for study and analysis
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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Stages of Perception
1. Stimulation
 Selective

to what will fulfill needs or be enjoyable

 Selective

Exposure

 Messages

that Confirm Beliefs

Microsoft Image

 Attend

Perception

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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Stages of Perception
2. Organization
 Organization
 Proximity,

similarity, contrast

 Organization
 Mental

By Schemata

templates, e.g. stereotypes

 Organization
 Action,

By Rules

By Scripts

event or procedure
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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Stages of Perception
3. Interpretation—Evaluation
 Interpretation-Evaluation

Combined because they occur simultaneously.

 Influenced

by:

 Experience,

needs, wants, values, beliefs
 Expectations
 Physical and emotional state

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Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Stages of Perception
4. Memory


Cognitive Tags
 Filtered



Through Scripts and Schemas

Evaluations put into memory for later retrieval 15

Chapter 3: Perception andthe Self in Interpersonal Communication

Stages of Perception
5. Recall


Memory: Recall Information
Consistent with Schema



Fail to Recall Information Inconsistent with Schema



Recall Information that Drastically
Contradicts Schema

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Chapter 3:…