Essay on Congenital Heart Defects

Submitted By mkriddle89
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Pages: 18

Congenital Heart Defect
What is it? Congenital Heart Defects are abnormalities in the heart’s structure. It can range from mild to severe. It happens when the heart is not fully grown by birth. That is where Congenital comes from; meaning present at birth. Some
Congenital Heart Defects can and will go undetected until childhood or even adulthood. If someone has a Congenital Heart Defect not only can they have a problem with their heart but also with other things like learning disabilities or Dyslexia. Down Syndrome is also seen in those who have a Congenital Heart Defect.
There is no known cause behind Congenital
Heart Defects and there isn’t any way to cure or fix it.

Questions and Answers Q: Did you know that Congenital Heart Defects are common?
A: Congenital Heart Defects are conditions present at birth that affects how a baby’s heart is made and the way it works. They are the most common type of birth defects. In the United States, about 40,000 infants are born with a heart defect each year

Q: Did you know that some heart defects can be found before birth, some at birth, or some after the baby leaves the hospital?
A: Some Congential Heart defects can be found before birth. Knowing if a baby has a heart defect can help families plan for the future. Some heart defects can be found at birth because they can cause a baby to have a bluish tinted nails, lips or troubled breathing. Some heart defects potentially can be detected in babies after birth using Pulse Oximetry
Screening (Pulse Ox), which is a test to determine the amount of oxygen in the blood and pulse rate. Pulse Oximetry Screening is not required on most states. Other heart defects might have no signs at birth and are not found until later in life, during childhood or adulthood.

Q: Did you know that people with Congenital Heart Defects are living longer?
A: As medical care and treatments have advanced, infants with heart defects are living longer and healthier lives. Many now are living into

adulthood. About one million adults in the United States are living with a
Congenital Heart Defect. It is important for children and adults living with a Congenital Heart Defect to see a cardiologist regularly.

List of some Congenital Heart Defects Aortic Valvar Stenosis (AS)
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Atrioventricular Septal Defect (AV Canal Defect)
Coarctation of the Aorta
Ebstein’s Anomaly
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)
Interrupted Aortic Arch / Ventricular Septic Defect
Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
Pulmonary Atresia (PA)
Single Ventricle Anomalies
Tetralogy of Fallot
Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return
Transposition of the Great Arteries
Tricuspid Atresia
Truncus Arteriosus
Vascular Rings
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

Hypoplastic Right Heart Syndrome (HRHS)

Descriptions of some Congenital Heart Defects Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF): A combination of four heart defects. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), Pulmonary Stenosis,
Right Ventricular Hypertrophy and an overriding Aorta. This defect happens in about 5 out of every 10,000th baby born. It is rare. Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS): The left side of the heart is severely underdeveloped (Left Ventricle is underdeveloped). It is a very serious and severe condition. 1 in every 4,344th baby born has HLHS. Ebstein’s Anomaly: Involves the Tricuspid Valve.
“Malformation of the heart that is characterized by apical displacement of the septal and posterior Tricuspid Valve”. 1 in every 20,000th baby born has this defect. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) : Its a hole that forms between the heart’s lower chambers. It allows oxygen­rich and oxygen­poor blood to mix. It happens in 1 in every 500th baby.

Facts on Congenital Heart Defects ● Congenital Heart Defects are America’s and every country’s #1 birth defect
● Nearly one out of every 100th baby is born with a
Conegnital Heart Defect