Essay on Demography of aging

Submitted By luckysmart
Words: 651
Pages: 3

Demography Of Aging By: Carolin Gerais Due Date: 4/10/14
Table of contents

Fertility rates
Dependency and labor
Marital status
Living arrangements
Racial and ethic composition
Geographic distribution
Economic status
Housing
Rates
(Fertility rates) The Total Fertility Rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, period total fertility rate (PTFR) or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if she were to experience the exact current age specific fertility rates (ASFRs) through her lifetime, and She were to survive from birth through the end of her reproductive life.
(Mortality rates)
The mortality rates or death rate also has an impact on the aging population. The annual crude mortality rates in the United States in 1900 were 1,720 per 100,000. Median age is the age at which half of the population is older and half is younger.
(Migration)
Net migration is the population gain of loss from the movement of migrants in and out of a country. Most immigrants were between the ages of 18 and 35 years of childbearing age.
Dependency and labor Dependency ratio is a comparison between those individuals whom society considers economically unproductive and those it consider economically productive. When the dependency ratio includes both youth and old, it is referred to as a total dependency ratio. When only the youth are compared to the productive group, the term used is youth dependency ratio; when only the old are compared, it is called old age dependency ratio. Communities with high old age dependency ratios might increase programs for elders including programs to reengage retirees into encore careers.
Marital status The marital status and living arrangements of the elderly are closely tied to levels of social support, economic well-being, and the availability of caregivers. For example, elderly persons who live alone don’t have a spouse or other adult in the household to provide assistance with daily activities such as bathing and eating or to provide care when they get sick. The proportion of older women who are married increased between 1960 and 2010, while the proportion of older men who are married increased between 1960 and 1980, but has declined since then.

Living arrangements The Living arrangements of American’s older population are important because they are closely linked to income, health status, and the availability of caregivers. Two-thirds of the elderly live alone. Of those living alone, women are much more likely to be living alone.

Economic status The overall economic position of elders has improved…