Saving the Environment, Debating the Costs by Kathlyn Gay is not your typical eco-freako kind of read. This insightful book goes deep into analysis and details of current conflicts between our ecosystem and economics and shares opinions on the situation from all different classes of people. It discusses resolutions that have been taken under in the past, why they failed, and proposes possible solutions that could be executed currently. Saving the Environment, Debating the Costs was a good book because it explains both sides of the environment vs. economics debate equally, detailedly discusses why past resolutions have failed, and shares opinions from all different classes of people. Kathlyn Gay’s book is reputable because it neither favors nor downplays either sides of the environment vs. economics debate, but thoroughly explains both sides’ stances. For example, Gay talks about how environmental controls have prevented loggers from cutting trees in the habitat of the northern spotted owl since it was listed as endangered. With thousands of acres of trees off limits to loggers, the supply of timber became scarce which in turn pushed up the price. Many mill owners could not charge enough for their finished products to pay the high prices for the raw timber. One mill owner had invested more than $1 million but went out of business after his supply got cut off. He says “The only crime we’ve committed is to work harder than most Americans and to risk our lives doing it to provide the products that they rely upon, and now we are being treated like criminals, without a trial. Sentenced to joblessness. It’s totally wrong. This is not what’s supposed to happen in America.” (pg 8) Gay explains that regulations like this make environmentalists seem to favor wildlife over human life which can make them seem like the protagonists to some readers, but she also takes into account the important benefits that an endangered species brings to humankind which could alter the reader’s attitude towards environmentalists. Another example is the property rights debate. Environmentalists believe there is a need for government regulations in order to protect natural resources for the benefit of society. But private property advocates counter “if the public believes certain land is a valuable resource, then the public should be willing to step up and make a contribution for the use or protection of that land and not depend on government funds for that purpose.” (pg 15) Gay explains that private property rights advocates think land-use regulations remove substantially all economic value from property and fear the government taking their land. But environmentalists and activists have explained that “the most important thing to keep in mind is that a major purpose behind much of environmental law is to protect private property rights. These laws protect our health, life, and property from the adverse consequences of somebody else’s pollution and other nuisances imposed on us by our neighbors as they pursue their own interests.” (pg. 26) All in all, Saving the Environment, Debating the Costs is a good book because it is unbiased when discussing both sides of the conflict which gives more insight to the reader rather than from a biased perspective. Another reason Gay’s book is exceptional is because it detailedly discusses why past resolutions to the environment vs. economics debate have failed and proposes new solutions. For example, some miners, loggers, cattle ranchers, and oil and gas producers want to open up more government-controlled acreage to private business. Ranchers in particular have taken advantage of this situation. They pay fees for leasing permits to use the rangeland for grazing and fees are based on animal-unit month. Currently, that rate is less than $2 per animal unit, which critics say is far below the market price for forage and amounts to a government subsidy of $150 million annually for ranchers. The U.S Agriculture Department…
August 10, 2014
Glimmerville City Council,
It has been brought to my attention that the city of Glimmerville is now faced with the same invasive grass carp population issues as the city of Sparksville. The problem with the grass carp is once they have been introduced they kill off the native species of our local waters. The purpose for the introduction of the grass carp is to remove the overabundance of indigenous…
Everglades: A Food Web Diagram
Dr. Doreen Sterling
The Everglades: A Food Web Diagram
The Everglades is a two million acre wetland ecosystem. The Everglades reaches from central Florida, near Orlando, all the way south to Florida Bay (National Wildlife Federation, 1996-2013). During the wet season, Lake Okeechobee overflows, releasing water into a slow moving, shallow river. The river is mostly saw-grass marsh. The Everglades is an ecosystem that hosts a large diversity of habitats…
Environmental Science 101
11 December 2014
“The ecological footprint s a measure of human demand on the Earth’s ecosystems.” The ecological footprint began in 1990 by Mathis Wackernagel and William Rees, and is now used by different individuals all over the world. My impact on the environment, the impact society makes together, and the changes I need to make are all dependent on choices we choose to make in our own life.
When finishing the…
BIOL 101 7986
Week 6 Discussion.
1. In terms of ecological science, what is a "niche?"
A niche can be defined as the specific position a species holds within the hierarchy of a local area. To clarify, it encompasses not only where the species physically exists but also what it eats, who its predators are, who its competitors are, how it mates/reproduces, and any factors that influence these things. How a species or population responds to the pressures placed on it by the environment…
open ocean (“Sharks 101”). It is rudimentary to deduce that sharks do not have a proclivity for the taste of humans. Before humanity completely eradicates these “cold blooded killers” because of our illogical fear, society needs to learn what it is that is being lost. Just because they are one of the most feared animals in the world does not mean that they still do not serve an ecological purpose. Removing sharks would cause “catastrophic effects” (Brylske 30). Every ecosystem needs an apex predator…
all of the species of fish may become extinct by the year 2048. Overfishing is creating many problems throughout the world not only from an environmental standpoint by depleting the oceans of certain fish and destroying the food chain and ocean ecosystems, but it’s also causing economic problems by taking away some people’s livelihoods. According to Nutall (2005, Japan is the world’s biggest consumer of fish. The Tsukiji fish market in Tokyo is an amazing worldwide market of sea life. Japan’s desire…
Information Technology 101
Professor Ali Emdadi
IT News Report 1
Article SummaryThe Apple TV is as revolutionary as it is sleek. The Apple TV is a small square box about three inches wide. It is not only small but also easily accessible from any Apple device. All you have to do is connect it through an HDMI cable to your HD television and instantly all of the things that you see on your IPhone, Ipad, and MacBook are shown onto the TV in a process called airplay. Not only are videos…
City. Many families evacuated their homes, the transport system shut down (Hyas, 2012). Sandy Storm may be warning sign that alter the world to maintain their only home which is Earth.
Regarding to the negative influence of human activity on the ecosystem, the individuals must change their way of life, by using sustainable sources of energy instead of fossil fuels that pollute our atmosphere as well as the biodiversity.
We can see that human factors have resulted in increasing the amount of carbon…
The Realm of an Environmental Psychologist
The teacher dims the light so the students become less rambunctious. This is an example of the realm environmental scientists patrol. Environmental psychologists have been a discipline for forty years. They can be found in nearly every sub-field of the profession. Environmental psychologists are increasingly at the forefront of the efforts to protect this planet. The process of the career of environmental psychologists…