Submitted By Pran62
Words: 1397
Pages: 6

This paper will discuss the advantages of using a relational ethic’s model to aid the nurse with successful holistic intervention with Nora and her pregnancy. Mother’s to be that have trouble with substance addiction need carefully planned sensitive strategies that provide a safe starting point where they can explore and understand risky relational experiences(). Women with lower social economic statuses are faced with many inequalities, and often require support and strength to rebuild morale in self worth and value (Fonagy et al. 2002). The nurse would need to provide empathy and relate to Nora`s lived experiences and how her environment has shaped her values. The nurse as the professional is tasked with the challenge of both balancing Nora’s substance use and at the same time providing the necessary support to fulfill the needs of both the mother and the fetus. The best way of ensuring this outcome is by using the relational ethics framework. To build a quality relationship the nurse needs to develop an engaged, mutually respectful and trust-worthy relationship (Marcellus 2004). Understanding Nora`s particular circumstances and relationships with her boyfriend and mother are important to building a therapeutic and engaged interaction. The nurse however, must always be self-reflective and conscious of not imposing values or actions that may hinder relationship building. Relational ethics looks at protecting both the rights of the mother and the fetus where as a medical approach takes the stance of the rights of the fetus versus the mother. The nurse through non-coercion and experience with relational ethics looks to engage, motivate and protect the mother as she works on putting both herself and her baby in the possible situation.

The key participants are Nora, Eric, the fetus, Janis, Nora`s mother and society at large. Janis is the nurse responsible for providing safe and informed care for both Nora and the fetus. Nora being the principle decision maker has the rights to autonomy and self-determination without coercion. Nurse`s have a professional responsibility to uphold and advocate for their patients, protecting their rights of autonomy. This in turn can lead to a stronger patient-nurse relationship and work towards integrating the patient into a mutually accepted plan of care. The nurse however, can find it exceedingly difficult to maintain or preserve client relationships, knowing the client can chose to end engagement in care at any time. Protecting the fetus, while maintaining patient rights can be extremely taxing and cause distress if viewed through the lens of the biomedical model. Eric, being the father also attempts to impose his values onto Nora, which just further adds to her already complex situation. Nora`s values and decision making capacity has been shaped through her environment and her mother while she transcended into an adolescence. The lack of knowledge, sense of attachment, brewing frustration and unwillingness to adapt outlines the need for support and motivation. The Relational approach puts nurse`s into the role of trusted caregiver, and usually patients confide to telling nurses things they usually wouldn’t tell other people. This puts nurses into morally distressing situations. Difficulties often arise when the rights of individuals conflict and the beneficence of one patient versus the non-maleficence of another. The nurse would want to honour Nora`s autonomy in making an informed choice, but would also understand that providing autonomy to the mother can put the fetus at risk. The nurse has to provide optimal support to preserve the health of both baby and mother.

Nora as the principle decision maker is tasked with a plethora of questions. Questions like whether or not to carry through with the pregnancy, to try and reduce or halt drinking, entering a rehabilitation program or to re-kindle a relationship with the father to be. These challenges instill fear