Causes and Effects of European Exploration: Causes• European desire for new trade routes • Growing power and wealth of European nations • Competition for trade • Missionaries' desire to convert others to Christianity
Effects• Knowledge grows about other religions • European and Native Americans clash • Enslavement of Africans • Rivalry in The Americas grow
The Middle Passage- The inhuman part of the triangular trade, shipping enslaved Africans to the West enslaved Afric Indies. (In the map, this would be routes 5 and 9.) .
English Bill of Rights- Guaranteed certain basic rights to all citizens. The Colonies provided England with raw materials. English manufacturers used these materials to produce finished goods which they sold to colonists. This is called “ “Mercantilism.”
The Great Awakening- is a religious revival. It was a return to a strong faith and happy days. Apprentice- Learning Assistant
Events leading up to the Revolutionary War:
• The Proclamation of 1763King George III declared that the Appalachian Mountains were the temporary western boundary for the colonies. This created friction.
Why? 1. It allowed the British government, not the colonists to control the Westward Movement. 2. King George wanted to slow colonists, by making them move away from the colonies on the coast, where important British markets were. 3. Protects the interest of British officials. • • The British planned to keep 10,000 troops in America just to protect their interest. The British needed money to pay for the French and Indian War.
• • • •
Sugar Act- Taxes on imported sugar and molasses
Stamp Act- Tax on paper material
Currency Act- Forbid colonists from printing money
Quartering Act- Makes colonists give the English soldiers foods and shelter with no repayment
Declatory Act- Parliament had the right to tax and make decisions for the British colonies
Townshend Act- Taxes put on imported American goods
Tea Act- The British East India Company sells tea to colonist
Coercive Acts- Also known as the Intolerable Acts, were laws passed by King George, to control the colonists with very harsh punishments
Quebec Act- Set up a permanent government for Quebec and granted religious freedom to French Catholics
Chapter 1-4 Vocabulary• • • • • • • • • • • Archeology- the study of ancient peoples Artifacts- things left behind by early peoples Nomads- people who moved from place to place Migration- a movement of a large number of people into a new homeland Culture- a way of life (religion, food, language, housing, government, etc.) Civilizations- highly developed societies Hieroglyphics- use of symbols or pictures to represent things, ideas, and sounds Terraces- platforms cut into the slopes of mountains so they could raise crops Droughts- long periods of little rainfall Federations- governments that linked different groups Renaissance- a French word meaning “rebirth.” It refers to he rebirth of interest in the classical Greek and Roman learning Caravel- a ship with three mast that sailed faster than earlier ships Pilgrimage- a journey to a holy place Circumnavigate- to sail around the world Conquistadors- Spanish explorers who came to the Americas looking for gold Missions- religious communities established by the Spanish Plantation- a large estate Mercantilism- economic theory that says a nation’s power is based on its wealth.
• • • • • • •
The colonies belong to the mother country. • Columbian Exchange- brought together the continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Contact led to an “exchange” of plants, animals, and…