Pupils in education from a working class background (a pupil whose background includes a far more manual job) have a tendency to underachieve in education compared to pupils in education from a middle class background (one from a non-manual background). Hence tend to gain lower GCSE results and don't go on to further and higher education for example statistics show . Factors outside the school such as material deprivation and cultural deprivation can affect achievement, and are all linked in with social class.
Cultural deprivation is a theory that claims some young people fail in education due to their 'culture' (or way of life), for instance if the family places in a high value on the placement of education then it is more likely that their children will achieve higher in education than that of one who's family feels that education is a waste of time. For example parents reading to their children at night or trying to teach their children numbers and letters when they are young, and displaying children's work at home would all be considered a factor of cultural deprivation. This caused working class pupils to underachieve