What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of federalism for the United States? Compare American federalism with other systems of government (i.e., unitary and confederal)? Federalism is our system of government in which power is distributed between a central governing authority and sub-divisional (state) governing authorities. While it may seem that only lately there has been a significant debate over the role of government and their scope of power, in reality federalism has always been a fusion of other preexisting government systems and finding a healthy medium has always been a challenge. The advantages and disadvantages of federalism are what make The United States unique and a prime example of a living, changing government that has withstood the test of time in the global stage. Additionally, federalism varies in many significant ways from other functioning government systems such as unitary and confederal, and this is another factor in setting the U.S. apart from other world leaders. In our written foundation of our government, the Constitution, our system of federalism was born and shaped into what runs today’s most powerful government in the world. Article VI of The Constitution states that any laws mentioned in the article and any laws later passed under it shall become “law of the land.” This is known as the supremacy clause, and is the foundation for the practice of the national government having authority over state governments. Furthermore, in the tenth amendment to the Constitution, it states that “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” This is the clearest way of showing that the powers not granted to the national government (and are not prohibited to state governments) are therefore in the hands of the lower, state governments. This tier system is unique from other systems, such as Unitary. The United Kingdom is a unitary state, in that while lower courts and districts may hold some powers similar to our states, the central national government has final say and authority over all other sub-governmental authorities. While we read about devolution being the legal granting of power from the national government authority to smaller state or district authorities, in unitary states this does not exist like it does in the U.S. While these differences may seem minor, the distribution of power away from one centralized authority is arguably what has kept the U.S. modernized and able to change with the advancement of technology and public opinion on roles of government. In America at Odds by Sidlow and Henschen, federalism is described as “government powers [being] divided between a central government and regional, or subdivisional , governments. (pg. 49)” While this seems pretty easy to understand, the fact is that federalism was not a concept during the drafting of the Constitution, and the advantages and disadvantages of this system were not known until it was put into practice over the beginning decades of our country’s independence. One of the first advantages of federalism that enabled the U.S to become the leader that it is today is compatibility with size. When the U.S. first gained independence, the thirteen colonies were large in comparison to other functioning governments, and the tiered broken-down system of federalism “keeps government closer to the people and helps make democracy possible (pg. 51).” By having local authorities that ultimately had some power, each colony/state was able to enforce laws enacted by the central government as well as create and pass laws that were relevant to them that the central government may not be concerned about. Today this advantage still holds true, as seen with maritime laws passed by coastal states that would waste our national government’s time drafting and enforcing on land-locked states such as Kansas. Additionally, by having…
departments of defense deployments of rescue and assistance teams did not reach Katrina’s affected areas till many days after she had already hit. The steps and procedures that are in place for the federal government often cause delays to rescue and assistance during a natural disaster.
Federalisms’ major fallback begins with the overall steps that come in the chain of command or major disaster process. Unless the President states a specific request for military assistance, it must originate from the…
Reasons for a Federal System in the US
Confederate system was also undesirable
A federal system:
Allows unity, but not uniformity (it allows for a difference between the states
Is more suitable for geographically large nations (again allowing for differences)
Is more suitable for heterogeneous people (again allowing for differences)
Racial makeup up of NY vs Montana
Federal System Makes the Government Less Efficient
Our system allows for blocking or delaying of majority…
Federalism has been an integral part of the American system of government since its inception. Our Constitution divides governmental power between the national government and the state governments, giving substantial functions to each. As Frederick Ogg points out, the relation between these two centers of power is dynamic, not static, and "must be readjusted and reshaped by each generation to meet the changing needs of our society." In response to these changing needs, our federal system has evolved…
Political Science 3517
With the discontent from Britain’s policies and wanting to find a balance form of government, the Framers of the American Constitution decided on a new federal form of government, and created The Articles of Confederation. Under the Articles of Confederation (1781-1788), it provided the states to retain sovereignty and more power than the central government. Congress had no power to levy taxes or regulate interstate commerce. Areas assigned to the…
Federalism Roe vs Wade
1.What is a federal system?
A federation or federal system is a political system that divides power between a central government, with authority over the whole nation, and a series of state governments
2.What are the advantages and disadvantages of a federal system?
•It allows states to take different approaches to problems, essentially becoming laboratories of democracy. Approaches that work in one state can be tried in other states.
•It gives local officials, who…
corruption in government; the strident cry for cultural recognition; and the instability of political systems are just some of the troubles the country is beset and endured. With these lots of problems, federalism is viewed by many as the only hope for a country. It has grown in popularity over the past century, which is largely due to its particular successes throughout the world. However, federalism is not without any defect. This essay will briefly outline the definition of federalism which followed…
Nathan Worling Z5057106
ZEIT8303 PROJECT MANAGEMENT BODY OF KNOWLEDGE
Federation Square Project
Designed by Donald Bates and Peter Davidson – LAB Architecture Studio
Opened 26th of October 2002 Estimated cost - $473 million
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................. 3
2 INTRODUCTION .................…
Federalism In Welfare Programs
August 15, 2013
Federalism and Welfare Programs
This essay is to inform you of federal policy issues involving welfare causing conflicting debates between national, state, and local government and how these conflicting issues relate to federalism. Federalism is “A government system where power and authority are shared by national and states governments, with the ultimate authority derived from the people. (Levin-Waldman, 2012). This paper will also describe…
Date of submission:
Assessor to complete
Mark: 88 /100
Essay on Federalism OR Accountability
This is an excellent assignment, one that you should be very proud of.
Starting with an impressive introduction, you outline the paper’s parameters and explicitly state its argument. Your analysis draws upon a wide…
America. In the late 18th century, America had finally broken off from Britain’s control and was looking for a new form of government. Originally, the Articles of Confederation connected the founding thirteen states of America, which was a beginner version of a constitution. This eventually became an issue since these articles did not give any power to the central government. Because of this, the states had many problems in international politics since they had just found freedom and did not have…