Female Scientists Essay

Submitted By nicollealvesss
Words: 903
Pages: 4

Female Scientists DBQ

Although it was rarely acknowledged, women actively participated in scientific research in chemistry, astronomy, biology, botany, physics, and medicine. Many European universities and academies excluded women entirely, but a few women held professorships in Italy. Also, women participated in scientific discussions held in salons. There were many attitudes and reactions toward the participation of women in the sciences during the 17th and 18th centuries. For example, there were many men who were against the participation of women in the sciences, as well as a few men who were completely supportive. My three groups were: Men supportive of the participation of women in sciences (5,6,11) , men and women who were against the participation of women in sciences (1,3,7,9,10) and women who were supportive (2,4,8). I would like to see an extra document from the child of a woman who participated in science because it would be helpful to see how the mother's participation in science impacted the family and her behavior changed toward the child. Another document I would like to see is a document from the parents of a woman in science to see their point of view since they've seen how hard their daughter worked to get to where she is. There were very few men who were supportive of the participation of women in science. Document 5 is a reliable document because this man's wife discovered a comet and he witnessed it first hand. You can clearly tell that this German astronomer's point of view is not against women's participation in science, and although he seems very surprised by his wife's intelligence, he shows how proud he Is of her and what she's accomplished. Document 6 shows the point of view of a German mathematician who says the participation of women in science helps them contemplate the good and the beautiful. He clearly is not against the participation of women in science. In document 11, a newspaper article describes the first woman to receive a Ph.D. from a German university. By the tone of this document, you can tell the author is happy for women who get to participate in sciences, but also angry at the people who are against them. He thinks people should get to know women personally, to know how smart they really are, and that women can become scholars and also do the things that need to be done at home. A great amount of men and even women in the 17th and 18th centuries were against women's participation in science. Document 1 show the point of view of Joham Eberti, who feels like women who participate in science neglect their household duties and spend the day in bed. This document should be approached with caution because it's in the mid 17th century, so there were very few women participating in science at this time. Document 3 shows the reaction of an English diarist who obviously seems disgusted and angry at the fact that the Duchess was invited to the society. This document should be approached with caution because it's aimed towards one person only. Document 7 should be approached with caution because it's mostly opinions instead of facts. Document 9 should also be approached with caution due to the fact that it is written by the head of the University of Halle. The point of view of this document is that women should only study music and the arts, and that they should not be able to attend the universities. Document 10 shows…