The exam includes multiple choice and true/false questions. The questions may come from the text, videos, case studies and any other specified reading. Your casebook should help you gather the information necessary to answer these questions.
There will be several questions related to the similarities and/or differences between male, female, team and global killers. You should become familiar with the demographics, mobility, methods and motives, and backgrounds and occupations for these killers. (Refer to tables and figures in the Chapters).
In addition to the above information, you will need to be familiar with the following terms and concepts. The list is not all inclusive.
Terms and Concepts: Killer Mobility, Victim Selection, Background & Occupations * Mobility- Male- 61% are local, 28% kill in other states, 11% are place specific (killed more total), may be related to urbanization, no need to travel to protect anonymity; Females- 44% are local, 34% place specific, few travel to more than one state, nursing homes/ hospitals/ private homes allow offenders to be undetected * Victims- Male- 74% strangers, family murders have nearly disappeared, 42% female, preference: females alone/ prostitutes/ hitchhikers most vulnerable; Female- 25% strangers, 35% killed only family members, 20% killer children only, 33% adults only, preference: children/ husbands/ patients/ family members * Backgrounds and Occupation- Male- Mostly blue collar, limited education, 28 years old, some used employment to attract victims; Females- Mostly unemployed, lower socioeconomic, 30 years old, very few with animal behavior * Methods and Motives- Males- Killing is lengthy, guns 38%, strangled 35%, Stabbed 32%, motive: sex used to gain control, 63% prior prison or mental institution, 38% sex related crime, 17% against children : rejection, unstable home, physical/ mental abuse common; Females- Noticeable difference from males, 45% used poison, 47% motivated by money/ revenge, only 10% sexually motivated: history of sexual molestation, prostitution, neglect, extreme poverty and unstable marriage
Differences between Male and Female Killers-Women rarely go on rampages like Richard speck; There is a debate whether females meet the definition of serial killers, as they rarely display stalking or predatory behaviors “women simply don’t manifest their frustrations and emotional injuries in the same aggressive way as males” Males-(Emergence new breed of predatory criminal, previous un-reporting, proliferation of splatter movies, violence related porno, belief that economy linked to surges in violence, Belief that serial killing is extreme form of male domination; Females- improved investigations and reporting, population growth, increased media attention
African American Killers- 200 cases since mid 1800’s little media attention; media was not interested in urban black on black murder; 44% serial killers African American between 1992-2004; researchers project emergence of black serial killers will grow as density of large U.S. cities continue to grow and suffer blight of urbanization; white/black team killers rare
Health care Killers
Male/Female Care Providers who Kill
Angels of death- (mostly women/ sometimes men) ; Beverley Allitt- Allitt suffered from “Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy”
Cathy and Gwendolyn Woods
Black Widows-( Kills Family members); Marie Hiller- Poisoned most of her family with baked goods
Types of Stalking- Domestic Stalking- (person related) power/ anger- hatred, low self-esteem may lead to violence; Obsessional- former friends, lovers, etc., relentless pursuit; nuisance- work place, acquaintance, no harm or threat
Stranger Stalking- (No known relationship) Power/ anger- men seeking random victims to control and harm; Obsessional- paranoia, schizophrenia, unpredictable and dangerous; Nuisance- teen to