Final Study Guide Essay examples

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STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM #4 11 December 11:30 U.S. History 10613

-People in BLUE -Non us people are in
-Military events in Green Battles = normal green Wars will be in this green Military idea and weapons are in
-Domestic affairs like polices based and for us citizens in red
-U.S Forein polices and affairs in pink
-Other countries forein affairs are in brown
-elections will be in orange
-president Administrations and scandals is in purple

Bataan Death March -The Japanese Army made filipinos and Americans march over 100 miles of land. They were to be executed if they asked for water.

Doolittle's Raid - First attack to Japan in history. A plane was sent off of USS Hornet to bomb mainland Japan. It was too far to reach China.

Battle of the Coral Sea - Japan vs. U.S Major naval battle where both sides never saw eachother. Fought only by carriers. Each side lost a carrier (Lexington & Shokaku) and had a damaged one.

BATTLE OF MIDWAY - 4-7 June 1942- occured a month after battle of the coral sea. Japan wanted to destory the US Navy

“Island hopping” – conquer and island, skip some and then conquer another one and close off logistics to the unconquered islands.

Admiral Yamamato – genius behind japenese military/ navy we broke japanese intel codes

Guadalcanal - Jungle Fighting- fought til death August 1942-February 1943 The japanese fought for every single inch and would not surrender. They believed that the Americans were going to eat them. Many killed themselves instead of surrendering.

OPERATION TEN-GO - last major japanese naval operation. Yamato including 9 other warships were sent to destroys U.S ships but Americans intercepted it.

Battle of Okinawa - "Typhoon of Steel" Lasted 82 days (April-July 1945) Bloody war, only has oral history. Okinawa's are very tiny people and live to be 120yrs. 100,00 died because they did not want to surrender & 12,513 Americans were killed.

Manhattan Project -Top Secret Mission- Truman didn't even know about it until FDR died. It was a program developed bythe U.S, UK and Canada to produce the first atomic bomb.
Enola Gay/Hiroshima - B-29 aircraft that was sent to Hiroshima. Colonel Paul Tibbets assumed charge of the aircraft and named it after his mother. The atomic bomb "little boy" caused a devastating after math.

Nagasaki bombing - Second attack on Japan 3 days later since they did not surrender. The bomb was "fat man". After wards the Japanese surrendered. This attack ended the war, but the US did not have more bombs anyway.

Internment Camps - help in Japan. They were fed, schooled, housed etc.. but had no rights

Potsdam Conference - Where they found out that the Manhattan Project was sucessful. Stallen, Churchhill, and Truman were there. They wanted to threaten Japan with the atomic bomb, but the Japanese said no

. Cairo Conference - Talked about what they would do with the captured territory. US slowly takes back islands one at a time.

Yalta Conference 1945 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin made important decisions regarding the future progress of the war and the postwar world. They wanted the Soviet Union to join forces. They agreed that Germany would be divided into 4 occupation zones (US, British, France, Soviet), war criminals would be trialed, germany would have to pay but not as much as WW1, agreed to make the United Nations a place to settle disagreements, we would allow the soviets 3 votes to our 1. Europe would have free elections by the Soviets.

The Cold War - 1945-1989 Coined by Water Lippman
George F. Kennan (Mr. X) - Believed the US should resist Soviet attempts to expand power and influence. "the father of containment" He said that if you didnt allow communism to spread then it would collapse.

Truman Doctrine - President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country