Roosevelt and The Social Security Act Franklin Delano Roosevelt was greatly influenced by the events of The Great Depression to pass a series of legislation. His most notable legislation that he signed into law was The Social Security Act of 1933. While Roosevelt’s original version of the bill was modified in order to pass congress, he was still extremely proud of its passing. The Social. Security Act of 1933 has effected almost every working citizen since being signed into law and has had a profound social impact on our society. Much of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s presidency was on the passing of this bill. He had enacted a similar state law while he was governor of New York. He experienced pressure to address the issue of older unemployed Americans after the great depression by supporters of Dr. Francis E. Townsend. Townsend advocated that people over 60 should be able to stop working and receive financial benefits from the federal government (Quadagno, 1984). Once Roosevelt signed the bill into law, he performed a speech for the American people. In his speech he stated, “This social security measure gives at least some protection to 50 millions of our citizens who will reap direct benefits through unemployment compensation, through old-age pensions, and through increased services for the protection of children and the protection of ill health” (American Rhetoric, 2001). In his speech, Roosevelt was able to appeal to the uncertainty of employment in order to garner support for The Social Security Act of 1933 from citizens. Of course, his speech focused only on what he believed to be beneficial for society. Roosevelt also stated, “it is a structure intended to lessen the force of possible future depressions” (American Rhetoric, 2001). This was another way in which he used the effects of The Great Depression as rationale in passing the law. He also stated in his speech, “It is, in short, a law that will take care of human needs and at the same time provide the United States an economic structure of vastly greater soundness” (American Rhetoric, 2001). There was no question in Roosevelt’s mind that The Social Security Act was a great accomplishment for him and for the citizens of the country. Roosevelt’s original version of the bill was changed dramatically in order to be passed into law. In order to pass this bill, Franklin D. Roosevelt had to make some concessions. He wanted to pass his bill to ensure citizens had access to universal health care, old-age pensions and unemployment benefits. The largest compromise Roosevelt made in order to pass the law was that of dropping the health care portion of the bill. Kennedy states in his article that “sticking with the health provisions threatened to jeopardize the entire bill, so FDR reluctantly let them go” (Kennedy, 2010). Another concession that was made from the original bill was that some employees became exempt from all coverage, mainly farm laborers, domestic servants, and workers in companies with less than 10 employees (Kennedy, 2010). The idea of passing any New Deal legislation, mainly the Social Security Act, was important enough to Roosevelt for him to make these concessions. Not everyone was supportive of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal agenda and his passing of the Social Security Act. One of the most noted people who opposed the law was the Republican candidate for President in 1936, Alf Landon. Landon made a speech in which he highly criticized the Social Security Act. In his speech, he stated that “this was the largest tax bill in history” (""I Will Not Promise the Moon": Alf Landon Opposes the Social Security Act, 1936"). The Social Security Act and the programs under it are funded by a tax on wages. Every person who receives a paycheck sees a deduction in which the federal government takes a percentage of their check because of the passing of the Social Security Act. The bill was introduced with the intention of taking these funds and putting them
Chapter 15 Vocabulary words
1) Franklin Delano Roosevelt – Helped the American people regain faith in them. Brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action and asserted in his Inaugural Address, “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” Entered the public service through politics, but as a Democrat. He won election in the New York Senate in 1910. Democratic nominee for Vice President in 1920.
2) New Deal – President Franklin Roosevelt’s program to alleviate the problems of…
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
Franklin D. Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 - April 12, 1945), also known as FDR, was
the 32nd President of the United States. Before running for President, Mr. Roosevelt was
Governor of New York, from 1929-1932.Roosevelt was a democrat and the only
president elected to more than two terms in office. His Presidency term last from 1933-
1945. At the age of 39, while vacating in Canada, Roosevelt caught a fever and was later
diagnosed with bilateral…
This purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the presidential styles of management between President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President William Clinton. Particular emphasis will be on domestic and foreign policy, and effectiveness of their presidential administration. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected four times as President of the United States of American between 1933 through 1945. William Clinton was elected twice as President of the United States of American between 1993 through 2001…
of it as a loan from your brokerage.
4.)Overproduction - the accumulation of unsalable inventories in the hands of businesses
5.)Underconsumption - purchase of goods and services at a level lower than that of their supply
6.)Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act - an act sponsored by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley and signed into law on June 17, 1930, that raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels.
7.) Spectulative Bubble - A spike in asset values within a particular…
of them still stand till this very day.
Roosevelt also created a program called the Social Security Act. The Social Security Act is still in effect in today’s society. This act was created to make a system, which would allow “pensions for old age workers, survivor’s benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, and for the blind and physical disabled” (New Deal Achievements). This act gave many Americans hope that the economy was…
millions of Americans who at one point had no hopes, and a future seemed unclear. His name was Franklin D. Roosevelt, a man whose willingness to build the economy of his country as the most powerful nation, brought admiration not only among his fellow American citizens, but the rest of the world.
Franklin Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York. Franklin's father, James Roosevelt, married Sara Delano (Franklin's mother) in 1880 several years after his first wife had died.…
Review Sheet: Depression to WWII
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the president of the US from 1933–1945. He instituted the New Deal in order to get the country out of the Depression and .
She was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Lange's photographs humanized the consequences of the Great Depression and influenced the development of documentary photography…
The New Deal
After the economic collapse in 1929, Americans looked to Franklin D. Roosevelt to save the country from economic ruin. Roosevelt and the Democratic Party responded with the New Deal. The New Deal used federal authority to regulate the economy, control corporate power, and modify the free market’s distribution of economic resources.
In 1929, the stock market collapsed. People stopped purchasing goods and companies began reducing production and firing workers. The economy…
I. When social welfare began
A. Social welfare began in the 1930’s, during the Great Depression. Millions of Americans were in the poverty level and they were all very worried about how they were to survive. The Federal Government stepped in and adopted the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). This policy offered billions of dollars to the states for their needy citizens (Tani, 2012).
B. The Social Security Act of 1935 was then adopted and it offered millions of dollars every…
Franklin D. Roosevelt Economics Term Paper
Franklin D. Roosevelt, America’s thirty-second president, transformed America’s government system, and somewhat defined fiscal policy. His optimism sparked hope in the American people during The Great Depression, and he transformed a nation that allowed them to win a world war. Franklin Roosevelt allowed America to survive through the two worst crisis of the century, and brought the country together at the worst of times. But most importantly…