Moore 2 laboratory procedure or technique is complex and has been widely used by researchers to alter this basis structure (DNA) of organisms. The DNA is the point where all information of an organism is stored. These are information which determines how the body works or functions. There are a variety of processes in the body of every organism which all rely on the DNA. For example, growth and biochemical processes are controlled by the DNA. The DNA has special segments which perform particular function in the organism’s body. These are known as genes (Baxamusa, para 8).
In all organisms, there are usually structural changes in the DNA. Research has shown that these structural changes are mainly due to certain enzymes in the body of these organisms. There are enzymes which separate the DNA strands and other functions to join them. This is the basis of Genetic engineering since scientists have used these enzymes to separate certain genes and later bring them together in a way that they want. Another important aspect is insertion of genes in the DNA strands. This is the knowledge of vectors (DNA strands) found in viruses and is capable of infecting cells by inserting between the DNA of the cells. This vast knowledge was the driving force for researchers to begin building vectors. These vectors inserted the genes that the researcher chooses into DNA strands of an organism. Using this technology, several features of a person can be altered such as; tone of the skin, color of the eyes, IQ, weight, disorders, diseases and height (Baxamusa para 5). Genetic engineering is done in several steps which are complex and carefully monitored. First, the gene which is responsible for the desired qualities has to be isolated. This is followed by transfer and insertion of the vector into the recipient organism. A transformation of the cells
of that organism will occur. The final stage will involve selecting the modified cells from the once which did not change (Courtois, p. 65). Genetic engineering has been applied in different areas in both plant and animal technology. For example, production of synthetic insulin, drugs and certain vaccines in humans. This technology might provide the solution to most of the serious deadly diseases that have for a long time in human beings such as HIV/AIDS, cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. This also applies to other areas such as viral