Manufacturers of GMO foods believed that they are more resistant to insect pests because of the toxic bacterium which is added to the plants as an insect repellent, and it is very safe for us to consume. This can reduce the amount of pesticides which are being used on plants, by lessening the amount of pesticides that will be utilized. …show more content…
Department of Agriculture (USDA), with each agency regulating the products from differing perspective.
The EPA is responsible for regulating biopesticides, which include toxin such as Bt, under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). If a crop is being engineered genetically to carry a gene for a particular toxin, the EPA have a mandated law that governs the developer to verify that the final toxin result is safe from contaminants that will pollute the environment and they must also conduct a food-safety analysis so that the toxic doesn’t increase the likelihood of a severe reaction when consumed in minimal or maximum quantity.
FDA is responsible for regulating the safety of GM crops that are eaten by humans or animals. According to a policy established in 1992, FDA considers most GM crops as “substantially equivalent” to non-GM crops. In such cases, GM crops are designated as “Generally Recognized as Safe” under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) and do not require pre-market approval. If, however, the insertion of a transgene into a food crop results in the expression of foreign proteins that differ significantly in structure, function, or quality from natural plant proteins and are potentially harmful to human health, FDA reserves the authority to apply more stringent provisions of FFDCA requiring the mandatory pre-market approval of food additives, whether or not they are the products of biotechnology (fas.org,