Hallucinnogenic Drugs alter a person's perceptions of reality and may cause hallucinations and other alterations of the senses. Drugs classified as hallucinogens include: LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylamphetime(DOM), N,N-dimethyltrptamine(DMT), psilocin, and mescaline. There are two aspects of these drugs that classify then as hallucinogens. They all have common side effects, including distortion of sensory perception, and other psychic and somatic effects. These drugs also exhibit cross-tolerance. This means that a user of hallucinogenic drugs develops a higher tolerance to hallucinogens, the more they are used and the shorter the time span is between the last usage. Hallucinogenic drugs have been used throughout history for a number of reasons. They have been used as medicinal agents as well as having served religious purposes. Hallucinogens such as mescaline have been used in Native American ritual ceremonies. There was extensive usage of hallucinogens in the 60's and 70's as part of the counter- culture hippie movement. During the "acid tests" of this era, hallucinogenic drugs were used for mind exploration (B.L. Jacobs, "How Hallucinogenic Drugs Work"). Hallucinogenic drugs cause both physical and psychological effects on humans. The physical effects of these drugs include: dilated pupils, elevated body temperature, increased heart rate and blood pressure, appetite loss, sleeplessness, tremors, headaches, nausea, sweating, heart palpitations, blurring of vision, memory loss, trembling, and itching. A user of hallucinogenic drugs will also experience a number of psychological alterations in the brain. These drugs may cause hallucinations and illusions as well, as the amplification of sense, and the alterations of thinking and self-awareness. It is quite possible to have a bad reaction to hallucinogenic drugs. This is referred to as a "bad trip" and may cause panic, confusion, suspicion, anxiety, and loss of control. The long-term effects of these drugs can be quite dangerous. These long-term effects may include: flashbacks, mood swings, impaired thinking, unexpected outbursts of violence and eventually possibly depression that may lead to death or suicide. Quite a lot of interest concerning hallucinogens has been generated by neurobiologists and other scientists. The effects that hallucinogenic drugs have on the brain are quite complicated and very interesting. Many users of hallucinogenic drugs have experienced whole personality changes which raises questions about the relationship between brain and behavior. Scientists are also curious as to how total alterations of the senses can occur as the result of hallucinogen usage. Many people that have used hallucinogens claim to have "seen sounds" or "heard colors". Scientists ask questions such as: How can a person under the influence of hallucinogenic drugs see things that aren't there? or How do flashbacks work? Another aspect of hallucinogenic drugs that interests scientists is that they are psychomimetic meaning that they mimic certain aspects of psychosis. Through the use of hallucinogenic drugs, one can induce temporary symptoms of psychosis. As a result of the great interest in hallucinogens, many years of research have been done to try and determine exactly how the brain is affected by these drugs. Scientists have tried to determine if there is a specific site in the brain where hallucinogens act. This has been difficult to determine. Scientists still are unable to answer all questions about hallucinogenic drugs. However they have been able to determine certain areas of the brain that these drugs do act upon. Early on in the reasearch on hallucinogens, it was determined that hallucinogenic drugs structurally resemble serotonin (5-HT) Serotonin is found in specific neurons in the brain that mediate chemical neurotransmission in the brain. Neurons containing serotonin can be found in the brain stem section of the brain. Axons of
Hallucinogens as Medicine
Hallucinogens as Medicine 2
The article discusses research on the use of hallucinogens for medical therapies applicable to cancer, drug addiction, and psychological problems. Studies being undertaken at Johns Hopkins University are discussed. Johns Hopkins' research on hallucinogens includes assessment of the drug's psychospiritual effects among volunteers and its use in easing psychiatric…
Their stereotype included long hair, men with scruffy beards, draft dodging, a “make love not war” philosophy, a displeasure for hard work, and the use of mind-altering drugs and psychedelic music has often been seen from the negative side. People used to over generalize their appearance and exaggerate their behavior or eventual drug abuse. Even though most people viewed hippies negatively they often got stereotyped quiet worse than they actually were.
When the hippie movement started it was highly…
dose; the ED 50 of a potent drug is lower
than the ED 50 of a less potent drug. For example,
it has been said that LSD is one of the
most potent psychoactive drugs known. This
is true in that hallucinogenic effects can be
obtained with 50 micrograms (μg), compared
with several milligrams (mg) required of other
hallucinogens (a μg is 1/1,000 of a mg, which
is 1/1,000 of a gram [g]). However, the effects
of LSD are relatively limited—it doesn’t lead
to overdose deaths the way heroin and alcohol…
Facts and Safety Awareness
What is Ecstasy?
Ecstasy is a street name for the drug methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Ecstasy acts as both a stimulant and hallucinogenic.
Ecstasy produces energizing effects, as well as distortions, perceptions and enhanced enjoyment from tactile experiences.
X, E, or XTC
Vitamin E or Vitamin X
What does it look like?
Ecstasy usually comes in the form of…
trying drugs or simply decide to cross the line of the taboo of society due to curiosity or, often, just plain boredom. Many people who become addicted to drugs began taking them recreationally, but in many cases, this recreational 'flight of fantasy' or 'mental escape' comes with more than the user bargained for. Unfortunately for most people, they are either unaware or uncaring of their family or ethnic background that may be markers of their predisposition for addiction. Since many drugs are considered…
opium poppy in 1806
Salicylic acid is an active ingredient in a number of plants known for their pain-relieving qualities – bark of willow tree was the precursor to aspirin - first synthesized in 1853, aspirin is the most widely used synthetic drug
25% of prescriptions in the U.S. contain plant derived ingredients (if fungal included then 50%)- more if consider those based on ingredients isolated from plants
Secondary plant products have many important functions – discourage herbivores…
Dissociation: a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others.
Psychoactive Drug: a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods
Tolerance: diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug’s effect
Addiction: compulsive drug craving and use, despite…
DMT: The most illegal substance
Dimethyltryptamine or also known as DMT is an intense hallucinogenic drug. DMT is found in everything. It is the chemical that makes you dream. It can also be taken for a psychedelic experience. It is known as the spirit molecule. DMT is the most interesting chemical to learn about and the strongest one in the universe.
Many tribes have been taking Dimethyltryptamine for hundreds of years, but it was first synthesized in 1931 by Canadian chemist Richard Helmuth…
kind of illicit drug in the past 30 days” (“Health Risks,” 2014). Marijuana is used by 14.8 million people. Cocaine is also one most highly used drug. There are 2.4 million cocaine users. One other highly used drug in the U.S. is Hallucinogens with 1 million users. These drugs have the users psychologically and physically depending on them, they can become addicted in one way or another. These are all addictive drugs but alcohol is the most widely used and abused recreational drug in the U.S., it…
that drink alcohol or use drugs constantly don’t realize that they are a substance abuser. They don’t know what the effects the drugs and alcohol do to them. Some people do know but don’t seem to care. Substance abusers can cause a lot of danger in certain situations. Should people know if they are a substance abuser and the effects they get from using it? Yes, they need to understand that they are a substance abuser and what is at risk if they keep abusing a substance. Drug and alcohol addiction is…