University of Phoenix
CJA 463/Criminal Justice Policy Analysis
Historical Policy Comparison
In the past fifty years, the American system of criminal justice has undergone a number of critical changes involving policing, the courts and corrections. Landmark Supreme Court rulings, such as Miranda v. Arizona, and Mapp v. Ohio have shaped the way that law enforcement, as well as our courts, deal with individuals accused of committing crimes (Marion and Oliver, 2006). The following information will focus on the evolution of policing, our courts, and corrections system into agencies, which reflect the changing and diverse needs of our current population of primary importance, is the need for …show more content…
In the last 50 years corrections has been the last stage in punishment in the system of criminal justice. The comparative analysis of criminal justice policy has been determined by prior stages in the criminal justice process. The difference is cultural related and traditions of criminal justice system as a whole are in punishment and prison. The differences are between the systems of criminal justice are the methods of corporal punishment in effect and the resort to deprivation of liberty as the ultimate criminal justice sanctions. The nations differ in their correctional policies. For example, Hirschel and Wakefield (1995) found that the United States has much more than the United Kingdom been engaged in building modern prisons to combat the problems of prison overcrowding, under-funding, and under-staffing (Deflem, Swygart, 2001).
There are certain forms of punishment that has been the topic of investigations in comparative research. The death penalty and electronic monitoring has been the two investigations that have been given special attention. Of the two, the death penalty has been given most of the