Compare how the texts you have studied emphasise the complexities evident in the interplay of history and memory.In your response refer to your prescribed text and at least ONE other related text of your own choosing. There is a general perception that memory cannot be trusted, but history has the status of truth. However, just like memory, history is a construction, established through individual and collective memories, which by nature are subjective and coloured by circumstance. Mark Baker’s autobiographical/biographical novel “The Fiftieth Gate” and Josh Neufeld’s graphic novel “a.d New Orleans After the Deluge” exhibit contrasting ideas on how both history and memory can be essential to any construction of the past, through the Holocaust and the post Hurricane Katrina tragedy, respectively. The democratization of history has allowed individual memory to become a verifiable source of information, used to construct history, thus showing how the interplay of history and memory can therefore result in new representations of events and people, ones which are now reshaped and coloured by individual and collective memories. Baker explores this idea in his novel “The Fiftieth Gate” by delving into his parent’s memory, Yossl and Genia, showing how history and individuals are reshaped by individual memory. Through the use of the ironic simile in imaginative account of Hinda’s experience at the death camp in Belzec “we move silently through the doors toward the shed like brides headed for ritual purification”, Baker evocatively conveys the unique and mixed emotions attached to her experience, which cannot be conveyed through documents or words. Furthermore, Baker is also able to represent the impact that personal recollections have on an individual, particularly Genia, through the use of low modality in “Nightfall to me is sadness and darkness and I just can’t disconnect my past” Baker conveys the extent to which memories haunt her to the present day. Baker’s use of an SS officer’s testimony along with accented dialogue in “found something at last… it’s really true”, allow responders to perceive the significance of history and memory by showing how the ability to add a third dimension of individual emotion and experience can simultaneously correspond and enrich history. Baker thus reveals the representation of recollections as valuable as not only to history but also to a personal dimension. Although history can be constructed through memory, memory is often tainted by emotions and personal experiences, thus contradicting history. Through Baker’s journey to validate the experiences of his parents in the Holocaust with factual evidence, he represents personal recollections as often tainted by emotion and time, remaining unreliable, fragile, highly subjective and fallible. Through the exploration of Yossl’s memory, the use of pathetic fallacy by Yossl as he described his day as “cold, winter” although historical records show that it was “warm. Autumn”, displays how Yossl uses the whether to convey his emotions, contradicting historical records. Likewise, the accumulation of Yossl’s birthdates ranging from “1926” to “1929” also contradicts history as Yossl altered his historical records, acting as a survival mechanism due to the particular circumstances he was in. The idea that memory is often tainted by emotion and personal experiences is also shown through Genia’s memory as she believed that she was kept in the dark during the holocaust displayed through the dark imagery and hyperbole, “In a cellar all day, underground and closed, and nothing, in the darkness, all the time.”, despite the fact that Genia recounts her experience of the Holocaust as being dark, Baker discovers from the other people that she was residing with that “they do not remember the blackness. They recall a little girl staring endlessly out of a window”, the use of high modality shows that it was Genia’s perception of this event
MODULE C – History and Memory
The Fiftieth Gate by Mark Baker suggests that a combination of history and memory is essential in making meaning, i.e. in shaping perceptions of the world around us. How does baker represent this combination to create meaning?
History can be viewed as a sequential series of indisputable events, whereas memory is of such events that are highly subjective, and affect the way in which they are perceived. The link between history and memory and the way it shapes the…
“Ways for studying Final Exam”
As someone who has been in school for the past 13 years of my life I have seen many different ways people decide to study for their final exams. The best method of studying for a final exam has long been debated though. Most people would agree though that the three most common methods of studying for a final exam are those who isolate themselves, then they’re those whose philosophy is that the best method to in…
factual history and our collective memory has been challenged by texts ability to present different truths. All these texts are a form of historiography. They recognize that the construction of history is created with a purpose.
Good morning students and teachers, in this speech I will be focusing on postcolonial texts and their representation of individuals in history, and how these differing representations alter their reliability in our collective memory. Using the texts of ‘True History of the…
and dining at
Adele’s, a formal dining restaurant located inside Stamp. I had been exposed to the building
early on, so I knew the general features and activities of the building. For this assignment, I was
tasked to analyze the building and delve into the history and past of Adele H. Stamp, something I
had never thought to look into before. Needless to say, every time I enter Stamp now I do not
just see a popular student activities building; I am in acknowledgement of everything that Stamp
has done for the student body…
nowadays are opening a new chapter of life. In reality, people all over the world now do not think about the painful past, the war or whatsoever anymore; instead, they start to shake hand, make business or lifting embargoes which last decades. In the essay, “Vietnamese Youths No Longer Look Homeward” which was written by Nancy Wride focuses and reflects on young Vietnamese…
Essay Title: Compare, Contrast and Evaluate Apple and Samsung Companies.
Word Count: 918
The purpose of this essay is to compare, contrast and evaluate the two major competitor companies: Apple and Samsung. This essay begins by discussing the market value of the both companies. It will then turn to discussing the product portfolios of Apple and Samsung, and then examines the service and it concludes by evaluation.
Firstly, Apple is very similar to Samsung with respect to the size of the companies…
A Character Analysis of Buddy’s Friend in “A Christmas Memory”
In 1966, Truman Capote’s “A Christmas Memory” was published in hard copy for the first time by Random House. The story focuses on two characters, Buddy, the seven-year-old narrator, and his unnamed cousin who is in her sixties. The two cousins forge a lifelong friendship centered around the yearly preparations for Christmas or “fruitcake weather” (47). The friendship between the Buddy and his…
Although the belief that memory is composed of several distinct systems is not novel, it is only around the mid 20th century that experimental studies carried out on amnesic patients have started to confirm it (Squire, 2004). This essay will discuss the different types of memory systems that have been found, their distinctions and evidence supporting their existence derived from studies on amnesiacs.
Atkinson and Shiffrin’s (1968) multi-store model suggests that memory is a flow of information…
Within the imaginary world of 1984 in which Winston Smith lives, there are many disturbing parallels to modern society, not the least being a lost appreciation for history and memories. While there may be many lessons to learn from this book, careful readers will undoubtedly gain an appreciation for the role which memory plays in helping individuals understand themselves and the world around them. It is evident that memories become the context in which one lives and makes decisions, and…
Essay writing, by Ektoras Arkomanis, November 2014
The outline is NOT a marked component. That is to say, its aim is not to hem you in, but to help you in writing your essay. So, don’t make it too formal—give it an organic form:
Include notes (typed or handwritten) that you add over time so that you don't forget your observations.
Include passages that you write, possible titles of chapters, keywords, names of key works, etc.
In short, include anything that can go into the essay under…