"political struggles between centralists and federalists"
1. 2.a member or supporter of the Federalist Party.
"captured both the legislative and the executive branches of the federal government from the Federalists"
1. Three-fifths compromise - The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise reached between delegates from southern states and those from northern states during the 1787 United States Constitutional Convention. The debate was over if, and if so, how, slaves would be counted when determining a state's total population for constitutional purposes.
Abolition slavery - Abolitionism is a movement to end slavery, whether formal or informal. In Western Europe and the Americas, abolitionism was a historical movement to end the African slave trade and set slaves free.
Article 1 of the constitutuion - Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution gives Congress its powers and limits. Congress is the legislative branch of the government, meaning they are the ones to make laws for the United States of America. The article also creates the two sections of Congress, which is called a bicameral legislature.
Implied powers - In the case of the United States government, implied powers are the powers exercised by Congress which are not explicitly given by the Constitution itself but necessary and proper to execute the powers which are.
Supreme court - the highest federal court in the US, consisting of nine justices and taking judicial precedence over all other courts in the nation. the highest judicial court in a country or state.
Article v of the constitution - It lays out the two methods of proposing and the two methods of ratifying amendments to the Constitution. It makes it very difficult to change the Constitution unlike state constitutions.
Concurrent powers - are powers in nations with a federal system of government that are shared by both the State and the federal government. They may be exercised simultaneously within the same territory and in relation to the same body of citizens.
Northwest ordinance – A law passed in 1787 to regulate the settlement of the Northwest Territory, which eventually was divided into several states of the Middle West. The United States was governed under the Articles of Confederation at the time.
Confedertation - an organization that consists of a number of parties or groups united in an alliance or league
1. Checks and balances - counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Anti-Federalists - were a group of diverse individuals that formed to oppose the ratification (passage) of the new federal Constitution in 1787.
Popular sovereignty - the sovereignty of the people is the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
Executive branch - The branch of federal and state government that is broadly responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing the laws made by the legislative branch and interpreted by the judicial branch.
New Hampshire - is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 5th smallest, and the 9th least populous of the 50 United States.
It became the first of the British North American colonies to establish a government independent of Great Britain's authority, although it did not declare its independence at the time, in January 1776, and six months later was one of the original 13 states that founded…