Critical Points (Battle Check Points) Sinking of the Bismarck (German Battleship) prevented Germany from controlling the Atlantic Ocean with surface ships (Germany was already dominating with U-Boats). This enabled the shipping supply line of food war supplies to continue (The Lend-Lease Act - the U.S. would lend and lease supplies to Great Britain and other nations fighting against aggressors. In Roosevelts words, America would become the great arsenal of democracy.). Air War Over Germany using British bases, Allied pilots began bombing German cities (started in the Summer of 42). Bombed three main areas Transportation Lines Industrial Plants Military Installations Effective because it disrupted halted German transportation, war production, industry. Also allowed Allies to invade Germany. CostlyAllies lost over 158,000 pilots over 40,000 planes. Invasion of Italy (Soft Axis Underbelly) Invasion of Sicily (July 1943). Successful victory encourages Anti-Fascists to overthrow Mussolini, who was then imprisoned, then shot hung in Milan with his mistress. Italian government secretly surrenders to the Allies, but Hitler sends troops into Italy to resist the Allies. The fighting continues Nov. 1943 Allies invade Cassino Jan. 1944 Allies land at Anizo (near Rome) Amphibious Landing May 1944 Allies march into Rome, declare it an open city. Germans surrender Italy. The Eastern Front Stalin asks Allies for Three (3) things Massive supplies Territorial concessions in Eastern Europe (3) A second front in Western Europe Siege of Stalingrad (Nov.-Jan. 1942-43) Lasts 900 days Soviets capture an entire German Army push Hitlers forces back to Germany. Hitler doesnt learn from Napoleons mistake of Russian Winter. Soviets also help Britain U.S. troops launch an invasion of Europe from Britain. Over 1.5 million Russian lives lost. D-Day (Operation Overlord) Normandy, France (June 6th, 1944) success depended on three (3) things Allies had to have enough landing vessels an enormous reserve of troops supplies. Secrecy had to be maintained (Germany expected an attack, but didnt know where or when), Weather had to be clear (paratroop landings behind German lines beach landings critical). This was the largest amphibious invasion in history. From the southern coast of England to the beachheads in northern France. Six out of every ten Americans in the first assault groups were wounded or killed. Six weeks later, the Allies fully secured the 40-mile stretch of beaches. Captured the port of Cherbourg, which became a major receiving point of supplies for the rest of the war. With U.S. and British led forces coming in from the west, and Soviet troops advancing from the east, Adolf Hitlers days were numbered. The Allies converged on Berlin in the Spring of 1945, capturing the city on May 2. Hitler had committed suicide the previous day. With Hitler defeated, they now turned their attention to finishing the war in Asia. The Japanese, however, were not willing to unconditionally surrender. Truman (who succeeded Roosevelt after his
World War II: The American Experience
World War II: The American Experience
It is no known secret that America attempted to reframe from becoming a part of what was projected as being a major war which started with the European culture. Historians believe that the second war was a contribution of the Great Depression which caused for America to seize from their investments in Europe. This caused for a struggle of power in Europe which provide an opportunity for Hitler and Stalin…
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million people, from over 30 different countries, serving in military units. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic…
Resistance Movements in World War II
During World War two the main fighting was between the ally and axis armies but there was also a third force. Europe’s secret army the resistance movements where scattered all over Europe gathering intelligence, saving prisoners, sabotaging rail roads and factories and killing Germans. Both French and Russian resistance movements where able to weaken and demoralize the Axis armies in very powerful ways…
carlos h upegui |
World War II |
Middlesex County College. |
At the end of world war one Germany was left broken battered and insulted. Germany lost over 1.5 million lives during the war and almost as many after the war due to famine and starvation caused by the allied blockade, as well as an economy devastated by the reparations imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. The loss of human life added to the cripple economy was only made worse by being forced…
World War II was the mightiest struggle humankind has ever seen. It killed more people, cost more money, damaged more property, affected more people, and caused more far-reaching changes in nearly every country than any other war in history. The number of people killed, wounded, or missing between September 1939 and September 1945 can never be calculated, but it is estimated that more than 55 million people perished.
More than 50 countries took part in the war, and the whole world felt its effects…
The First World War, also known as the Great War, began in 1914 between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. There were multiple factors that led to the war. Militarism, which is the glorification of military power and readiness for war, was a leading factor, specifically in Germany. The German Power caused Britain, France, and Russia to form the Triple Entente as protection against Germany. This also led to Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy forming the Triple Alliance. These alliances were another factor…
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire…
History Notes (3.2.14-10.2.14)
From Toni Dimkovska
Summarising 3rd February 2014
Australians in the early 20th century were found to do anything for Britain even if it was against the majority of Australian peoples wishes.
Australian soldiers started resisting against the British Army because, they didn’t like the Britain’s decisions. Therefore the relationship between Australia & Britain started going downwards.
Australian & New Zealander soldiers gained professional skills that got…
Canada Contribution to WWII
The Second World War was a time of great struggle for the Allied nations, but it was their collective efforts on land, in the air and sea, and on the home front that helped secure their victory over the Axis Powers. In particular, Canada’s significant efforts on land in the Battle of Normandy, the Burma Campaign, and the Conquest of Sicily played a key role in securing the final victory. Similarly, Canada’s aid to the Allies was crucial in the air and sea in the Battle…
Debate Over War with Iraq
Should the United States go to war with Iraq?
Yes, Iraq is a threat to the United States.
Yes, if we can get UN support.
No, the UN is working.
No, war is wrong under any circumstances.
Here is a look from 2004 about the pros and cons of war against Iraq from information available at that time. It is included here for historical purposes.
The possibility of war with Iraq is a very divisive issue around the world. Turn on any…