Critical Points (Battle Check Points) Sinking of the Bismarck (German Battleship) prevented Germany from controlling the Atlantic Ocean with surface ships (Germany was already dominating with U-Boats). This enabled the shipping supply line of food war supplies to continue (The Lend-Lease Act - the U.S. would lend and lease supplies to Great Britain and other nations fighting against aggressors. In Roosevelts words, America would become the great arsenal of democracy.). Air War Over Germany using British bases, Allied pilots began bombing German cities (started in the Summer of 42). Bombed three main areas Transportation Lines Industrial Plants Military Installations Effective because it disrupted halted German transportation, war production, industry. Also allowed Allies to invade Germany. CostlyAllies lost over 158,000 pilots over 40,000 planes. Invasion of Italy (Soft Axis Underbelly) Invasion of Sicily (July 1943). Successful victory encourages Anti-Fascists to overthrow Mussolini, who was then imprisoned, then shot hung in Milan with his mistress. Italian government secretly surrenders to the Allies, but Hitler sends troops into Italy to resist the Allies. The fighting continues Nov. 1943 Allies invade Cassino Jan. 1944 Allies land at Anizo (near Rome) Amphibious Landing May 1944 Allies march into Rome, declare it an open city. Germans surrender Italy. The Eastern Front Stalin asks Allies for Three (3) things Massive supplies Territorial concessions in Eastern Europe (3) A second front in Western Europe Siege of Stalingrad (Nov.-Jan. 1942-43) Lasts 900 days Soviets capture an entire German Army push Hitlers forces back to Germany. Hitler doesnt learn from Napoleons mistake of Russian Winter. Soviets also help Britain U.S. troops launch an invasion of Europe from Britain. Over 1.5 million Russian lives lost. D-Day (Operation Overlord) Normandy, France (June 6th, 1944) success depended on three (3) things Allies had to have enough landing vessels an enormous reserve of troops supplies. Secrecy had to be maintained (Germany expected an attack, but didnt know where or when), Weather had to be clear (paratroop landings behind German lines beach landings critical). This was the largest amphibious invasion in history. From the southern coast of England to the beachheads in northern France. Six out of every ten Americans in the first assault groups were wounded or killed. Six weeks later, the Allies fully secured the 40-mile stretch of beaches. Captured the port of Cherbourg, which became a major receiving point of supplies for the rest of the war. With U.S. and British led forces coming in from the west, and Soviet troops advancing from the east, Adolf Hitlers days were numbered. The Allies converged on Berlin in the Spring of 1945, capturing the city on May 2. Hitler had committed suicide the previous day. With Hitler defeated, they now turned their attention to finishing the war in Asia. The Japanese, however, were not willing to unconditionally surrender. Truman (who succeeded Roosevelt after his…
politicians in Britain and France came to see that the terms of the treaty of versailles were placed
Hitlers actions were seen as reasonable and understandable
Western democracies gave into Germany, Japan and Italy in order to satisfy them and prevent war.
Battle of Britain
Winston Churchill says that Britain will not negotiate for peace.
Hitler plans Operation Sea Lion, the invasion of Britain.
Devastating air attacks were followed by the landing of German troops.
500 airmen lost their lives…
military intelligence services of the Second World War, their strategies, doctrines, tactics and operations. Also included are the Second World War intelligence and espionage organisations, their sub-units and unit personnel involved in espionage or military intelligence, their equipment, and counter-intelligence operations such as strategic, deception and field intelligence.(Wikipedia)
The Military Intelligence Service (Japanese: 陸軍情報部) was a World War II U.S. military unit consisting of two branches…
surrendered on may 7, 1945 and the war in europe during the wwII war was officially over.
Desert Fox – nickname given to general erwin rommel (german); fought in wwII.
Operation Overlord – It began with D-day and continued as the conflict between Germany and allied forces in the Western front increased. Significant as a successful push against Germany.
Operation Torch – This was the British- American invasion of French North africa.Signficant in its effect on the war.
SEATO – This organization didn't…
making plans for war, Canadians were not paying a great deal of attention. In a political and military sense, Canadians are said to have “slept” through the build-up to the Second World War. Why were Canadians uninterested in the events of Europe throughout the 1930’s? Why did Canada seem unprepared for the outbreak of a Second Great War?
1) Memories of World War I- The tragedy of the First World War was still fresh in the minds of most Canadians. By the time the Second World War had broken out…
1) What events, assumptions, and perceptions brought about the Cold War? Who were the “Third World” countries and how did they figure into the bipolar world that developed?
2) Looking at the post-World War II period, contrast how Western and Eastern Europe rebuilt. What events, programs, leaders, or conditions affected how each region responded to the challenges of adjusting to this rebuilding?
3) After World War II, both Great Britain and France had to address what to do with their…
1. Austria-Hungary and Serbian tension increased and eventually escalated to war. While I do forget who declared war first, Serbian ally Russia declared war in turn on Austria while Germany, allied with Austria, declared war on Russia.
In turn France declared war on Germany because of its alliance with Russia and Britain followed suit. In essence, the ONLY reason there was a World War was because of these alliances.
Nationalism - made the whole of Germany want to unite creating it one big…
harsh and very important period in world history (Greg Donaghy)
In spite of the fact that
World War II had already ended the turbulence and conflicts in international political relations.
Essentially the cold war was Capitalism versus Communism and an arms race that became one
of the biggest and most threatening conflicts in the latter half of the twentieth
century (Immigration and Population Statistics). Canada
may not have been involved in the war as much as the U.S but they were in…
they are taught about the aftereffects of World War I and about World War II. Europe, in high school history classes, ceases to exist after 1945 and the close of World War II unless, of course, one is learning about the Cold War and the Berlin Wall may be mentioned. They do not learn, however, that World War II era Spain—because Spain was neither an ally or a foe during the war—went through enormous conflict of its own. The three-year Spanish Civil War and the fascist dictatorship that followed…
History Lessons Response Assignment
10% of the course grade (50 points)
In a typed, at least five paragraph (about two pages) response, students will analyze secondary sources to consider the representation of US history both within the US and throughout the world; primary sources will supplement the examination of these portrayals.
Students should base their analysis on the following two points:
1) Compare/contrast the representation of US history in the History Lessons excerpts alongside…