Htpj 3m1 Exam

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HTPJ 3M1 Exam Review

1. Medical Ethics
Moral principles of values that guide us when deciding what is right and what is wrong, what is good and what is bad
Play a part in everyday life
Apply them when making big and small decisions
Grey area
Based on personal beliefs
Medical Legalities
Based on legal responsibilities
Can include both civil and criminal law
Black and white
Privileged Communication
Are made up of all the information given to the health care personnel by a patient
By law, this information must be kept confidential and shared only with other members of the patients health care team
It cannot be told to anyone else without the written consent of the patient
Certain information is exempt by the law and must be reported (births, deaths, injured caused by abuse, assault, ect)

Health Care Records
Form of privileged communications
Are the property of the institution providing care for the patient
Are legal documents and can be used in a court of law
Tell us all of our past health care procedures and treatments and keep track of it
2. Signs and Symptoms of Abuse
Unexplained bruises, fractures, burns, or injuries
Signs of neglect such as poor personal hygiene
Irrational fears or a change in personality
Aggressive or withdrawn behaviour
Patient statements that indicate abuse or neglect
3. Biomedical or Conventional Health Care most common based on evaluating physical signs and symptoms of a patient determining the cause of disease and treating the cause
Alternative Therapies
Methods of treatment that are used in place of biomedical therapies
Complementary Therapies
Methods of treatment that are used along side conventional medical therapies
Chinese Medicine Practitioners use ancient practices based on the belief that a life energy (Chi) flows through every living person in invisible pathways to link the organs together and connect them to the external environment or universe use acupuncture, acupressure, tai chi, and herbal remedies to maintain the proper flow of energy and promote health
believe that the brain send vital energy to all body parts through nerves in the spinal cord when theres a bad alignment of the bones in the spine, pressure is placed on the spinal nerves which result in disease and pain use spinal manipulation, massage, and exercise to adjust position of the bones to restore vital energy
believe in the ability of the body to heal itself through the actions of the immune system use small doses of drugs made from plants, animals, and mineral substances that cause similar symptoms to disease to activate the immune system
help an individual obtain a trance-like state with the belief that the person will receptive to verbal suggestion and able to make a desired behavioural change
Use only natural remedies such as fasting, special diets, lifestyle changes, and supportive approaches to pro most healing avoid use of surgery or medicine to treat diseases
a system of complementary medicine that involves pricking the skin or tissues with needles used to alleviate pain and to treat various physical, mental, and emotional conditions
the use of aromatic plant extracts and essential oils in massage or baths
Healing Touch (Reiki) a healing technique based on the principle that the therapist can channel energy into the patient by means of touch, to activate the natural healing processes of the patient's body and restore physical and emotional well-being.
a system of massage used to relieve tension and treat illness, based on the theory that there are reflex points on the feet, hands, and head linked to every part of the body
Tai Chi is practiced as a graceful form of exercise. it involves a series of movements performed in a slow, focused manner and accompanied by deep breathing.
breath control, simple meditation, and the adoption of specific bodily postures, is widely practiced for