The Human Genome Project is an international scientific research project with a primary goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA, and of identifying and mapping the approximately 20,000–25,000 genes of the human genome from both a physical and functional standpoint
The Human Genome Project improves every year. As technology improves, data collected on the genome sequence and newly developed techniques for screening DNA, resulted in an unprecedented boom in medical research and an abundance of discoveries linking genetic variants to an assortment of diseases such as various cancers, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. With this knowledge scientist can find ways to cure these diseases and hopefully prevent them from ever happening. Technology is improving every day. Scientist predict that in about 5-6 years they will find the cure for cancer, and 15 years for Alzheimer's. With biotech improving Scientist have improved errors that have occurred such as, data from the human genome project cleared up some incorrect assumptions that were previously accepted knowledge. For example, it was previously thought that the total number of genes in the human genome was 80,000 – 140,000, compared to the 4,400 found in the extensively studied bacterium Escherichia coli.
In 2000, scientists in with the International Human Genome Project released a rough draft of the human genome to the public. For the first time the world could read the complete set of human genetic information and begin to discover what our 2,300 genes can do. Doctors say that in the future they are most likely not going to be curing people but finding different ways to cure them. With medicine advancing doctors and scientist want to find more than just one way to cure someone or something. medicine has evolved since the 1900's. Doctors say that in the near future, one shot of a vaccine will be able to cure more than one thing. for example one shot will be able to cure or prevent herpes and any kind of STD. They predict that in about 70 years, no one will be getting sick from any diseases.
Researchers hope the next set of breakthroughs will come from studies designed to narrow the resolution even more, by sequencing even more genomes. One key initiative is the 1,000 Genomes Project, an effort by researchers from England, China and the USA to sequence and compare the genomes of at least 1,000 people to home in more precisely on variations linked to disease.