Inclusion Inclusion is a term which expresses commitment to educate each child, to the maximum extent appropriate, in the least restrictive environment. This environment usually means the general education classroom. "Inclusion demands that both special and general education teachers work together to more effectively educate children with disabilities in a classroom environment with their same-aged peers" (Wood, 1998). If regular and special education teachers as well as administrators are willing to work together, inclusion can be very beneficial to most, if not all students. Educators have become more motivated to meet the needs of all students since federals laws came into play such as No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and the Individual with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA). The term Least Restrictive Environment became a part of education with the public law, Education for All Handicapped Children Act. Least Restrictive Environment gives students with disabilities, as well as administrators, parents, and teachers a continuum of alternative learning placement options in environments that are close to the classroom that the student would otherwise attend (Rizzo & Lavay, 2000). It is possible that for many teachers, implementing strategies to accommodate special needs students in a regular classroom can be an enormous challenge. It is important that teachers are willing to apply new strategies to their original practices, because, "carefully planned instructional strategies are necessary for successful inclusion" (Lavay, 2000). There are many strategies which have been found to be effective when used with special education students in an inclusive setting. One strategy is altering the physical environment, which may include seating certain students near the teacher or seating students near positive role models. Some other strategies include: altering the presentation of lessons, which includes using visual aids with oral presentations or giving students an outline of material to be covered in the lesson prior to beginning the lesson. Organizational assistance could also be provided along with using motivational techniques such as positive reinforcement, increasing the frequency of feedback, and providing a daily assignment sheet. All of these strategies will help teachers to become stronger and more effective when teaching in an inclusive setting. There are many questions which come about when looking closely at the idea of inclusion. One question would be: what are fair grading methods that can be used for students with disabilities in inclusive settings? It would be ideal to use some alternative report card system where descriptive information illustrating student accomplishments can be provided along with identifying areas where improvement is needed. Another question that could arise is: Is it possible to meet the needs of gifted students in the regular education classroom? This may be possible if students are grouped in an appropriate arrangement. Grouping alone may not produce the greatest outcome, but it makes it easier to achieve the goal of meeting the needs of gifted students. It would also be a good idea to provide a learning environment where each student is working at his or her own level of challenge, although this may be difficult to execute. One more question is: How can inclusive practices be incorporated into early childhood settings? This would most likely involve teachers getting current information and the proper skills training. If available, additional staff may even be required to help meet the needs in an early childhood setting. Since inclusion is a part of every school to some degree or another, and students with learning disabilities are spending more and more time in regular education classes, "planning and implementing necessary modifications and delivering effective instruction in general education classrooms is more crucial than ever"…
Inclusion in the Classroom
Inclusion is becoming more and more of a recognized and practiced approach to teaching students with special needs. The majority of studies focused on the opinions of administrators, special education teachers, regular education teachers, parents, and students. Most of these studies surveyed the opinions of regular education teachers only, not their special education counterparts. Studies found that when the teachers’ attitudes relative to inclusion are averaged…
Promote equality and inclusion in health and social care
Diversity literally means difference. Diversity recognises that though people have things in common with each other, they are also different and unique in many ways. Diversity is about recognising and valuing those differences. Diversity therefore consists of visible and non-visible factors, which include personal characteristics such as background, culture, personality and work-style in addition to the characteristics…
the Dots” handout and pencils. Ask
participants to try to complete the
puzzle following the directions on the
handout. Ask participants who already
know the solution or figure out the
solution before time is called to please
turn their paper over and allow the others to figure out the solution themselves.
Give participants three to five minutes
to work on the problem.
Why is it that most of us did not think
of going outside the boundaries to solve
At the end of that time…
Explain how you could promote inclusion, equality and diversity within your current/future learners. Identify other points of referral available to meet the potential needs of learners.
To promote inclusion, equality and diversity with students, they need to be put though an initial assessment to find any difficulties that may hinder their learning.
Almost every student will have some kind of difficulty within their learning, weather it is financial, cultural, travel problems…
Inclusion and Practitioner Enquiry
Understanding Inclusion: Framing a Practitioner Enquiry
Tutor: Alan Britton
Inclusion is a contentious and complex issue which has been widely debated and critically reflected upon within Scottish Education (Scottish Executive, 2006). Inclusion, according to Thomas and Vaugham (2009) represents the convergence of various channels of thought, social, political and educational. However, there is no straightforward or clear…
Introduction to Equality and Inclusion in Health, Social Care or
Childrens and Young People's Settings.
Diversity is in the care home I work – there are men and women and a range in ages too. Each will have their own personal experiences and preferences, for example for food and activities, different attitudes, for example to staff and residents, beliefs, health status and intellectual ability. These differences make up diversity.
Equality means treating everyone fairly…
Dominic Badea 1
Inclusion In The Classroom:
What It looks Like and Who It Is For
When referring to a group or institution the word inclusion is many times considered
important. Although the word is thrown around many places it is important that is defined and
specified how it relates to the area that is considered inclusive. Something that is initially
interesting that was found when researching the word inclusion is that the general assumption
when speaking of inclusion was in terms of how it applies to education…
The Debate Over Inclusion in the Classroom
Unit 4 Assignment-Educational Psychology
Inclusion in the classroom has been a huge debate in the educational field for many years. The question is whether or not children with special needs should be placed in a regular classroom or if they should have special education classrooms in addition. I believe students should have separate education classrooms to they can get extra assistance in areas they are struggling…
different to their friends, cannot keep up with the tasks set and result in low self esteem. Often if the behaviour of an autistic child is disruptive or aggressive other children not accept them into their social group.
'Growing up in Scotland' is a paper published in 2013, documenting the findings of having a disability as a child living in Scotland. It states that "Having a disability is linked with a greater likelihood of having early social, emotional or behavioural difficulties. In many cases the…