Rawls’ most famous legal philosophy was justice as fairness. He believed that citizens are free and equal, and that society should be fair. Rawls thought that a ‘veil of ignorance’ would be beneficial to society and social classes. For example, one would not be born into a middle class family. The person wouldn’t know that they were middle class instead of high or third. Another example is racial identity. Someone black would not be defined as such; they would just be a person, as valued as anyone else. This idea is the same concerning labels such as gender, gifts, etc. The ‘veil of ignorance’ would only work in an equality-based society. Rawls thought that everything should be distributed equally unless uneven distribution helped society.
Rawls had two principles of justice as fairness. The first was: each person has the same indefeasible claim to a fully adequate scheme of equal basic liberties, which scheme is compatible with the same scheme of liberties for all. That means that every citizen has rights to the same fundamental liberties, which are the same liberties for everyone. No one gets special treatment. The second principle was: Social and economic inequalities are to satisfy two conditions: a) They are to be attached to offices and positions open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity and b) They are to be to the greatest benefit of the least-advantaged members of society. This second principle means that any social or monetary inequalities are meant to either be given to job