Lech Walesa: Socialist Mostly just known by the fact that he was president, Lech Walesa was much more than that. Lech Walesa had a positive impact on social and political reform because he was the one who brought Poland back up from the hardships the Polish faced during the war. He helped form and lead communist Poland's first independent trade union, which was Solidarity. The charismatic leader of millions of Polish workers went on to become the president of Poland from 1990 to 1995. For his determined and nonviolent fight for human rights ,he received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1983 (Smith Michael 8). He then pursued to run for president again in 2000, but he did not receive enough votes to make the cut. He received only a tiny fraction of the vote which made him not be elected. Lech Walesa was born September 29, 1943 in Popowo, Poland. As a child, he lived a very isolated life away from everyone he loved. Walesa gew up in that environmemt and despised both Soviet and Polish Communists. He was raised in a large family and attended a vocational school in Lipno (ABC-CLIO 3). After graduating from a vocational school in Poland, he went on to work as a car mechanic . He was then sentenced by his family to serve in the army and did it for 2 years. In 1970, he joined a Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk,Poland as an electrical technician and made a decent living for those times (American Academy of 2). In 1969 Lech Walesa met Danuta Golos and immediately fell in love and got married. In 1970, when a clash broke between workers and the government,he would get arrested because he was one of the leaders of the Shipyard workers. Eventually, he lost his job in 1976 and earned his living by taking whatever jobs he could get his hands on. In the long run, it made his life hard for a while, but he shot right back up when no one expected him to (Nobel Foundation 1). Lech Walesa has an impressive list of accomplishments qualifying him as a worthy subject for historical recognition (Joe Frett 3). After December 1970, when he was recognized as a promising activist, he became the occupational safety supervisor on behalf of the trade unions in his department. He was fired for having delivered an unwelcomed speech in 1976. He then became an opposition activist. Because he frequently changed his jobs, he gained an immense amount of popularity as a social activist. In 1980, he led the strike in the Gdansk Shipyard. On the 31st of August, he signed an agreement between the Inter-Establishment Strike Committee and the Government Commission. He directed the outlawed union until it received legal recognition in 1988. For 16 months he was the head of the Independent Self-Governed "Solidarity" Trade Union. "I can't do it all. You must help. When Poland is in danger, it unites. It must unite behind me" (Robin Knight 2). He attempted to have permanent talks with the government in order to alleviate the rising social tension. This led to him being the co-founder of the "solidarity movement" (BBN 2). Walesa refused to form a coalition government with the communists, the Parliament was forced to accept a Solidarity-led government, though Wasa himself refused to serve as premier (Britannica Concise Encyclopedia). "All of Polands history can be summed up in the phrase 'struggle for freedom"' (Joe Frett). Poland was very weak at many times and the one person that made a significant change to it was Lech.
country by country broke off of the USSR.
Poland was the first
of these where they wanted
, which was a trade nationalistic movement. Polish people wished to remove the
rule of the Communist Party over their nation.They were led by
the president of Poland after solidarity was finalized.…
other minorities Civil Rights Movement (pg. 773)
23. After World War II Western Europe attempted to achieve three things?
1. Increase social welfare
2. Increased cooperation
3. A common market for goods
24. What was the name of the union that Lech Walesa formed? Solidarity (pg. 778)
25. Who encouraged the tearing down on the Berlin Wall? Ronald Reagan (pg. 780)…
public life vs family + friends
--Intellectual and Religious: scientists, engineers, doctors, managers wanted better; freedom + religion > ideals of Russian Revolution and dogmas of Marxism
--Poland—Solidarity under Lech Waŀęsa in Gdańsk from 1980 on; Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II; military dictatorship but liberalization (Zbigniew Brzezinski)
--Gorbachev: withdrew from Afghanistan, campaigns vs alcohol, etc., arms control
--Hungary—peaceful transition, investment;…
a somewhat successful uprising; Poland remained socialist and loyal to the Warsaw Pact, but otherwise independent.
Lech Walesa led a labor union known as Solidarity and managed to win several concessions, but was forcibly stopped by Soviet intervention.
1988 saw the first free elections in Poland, with Lech Walesa and the Solidarity party becoming the new rulers.
President Lech Kaczynski pushes a free market while emphasizing both tradition and modernization.
Joined NATO and the EU
her gold medal win in Sydney, she represented Oceania in carrying the Olympic flag at the opening ceremonies of the next Olympics, in Salt Lake City, joining Archbishop Desmond Tutu (Africa), John Glenn (The Americas), Kazuyoshi Funaki (Asia), Lech Wałęsa (Europe), Jean-Michel Cousteau (Environment), Jean-Claude Killy (Sport), and Steven Spielberg (Culture).
Throughout her career, Freeman regularly competed in the Victorian Athletic League where she won two 400 m races at the Stawell…
A diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States; 52 Americans were held hostage for 444 days; November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981;
Solidarity Movement forms in Poland
A Polish trade union federation; 31 August; lead by Lech Walesa; the first non–communist party-controlled trade union in a Warsaw Pact country
Gorbachev leads Soviet Union, glasnost and perestroika
President of Soviet Union; 15 March 1990 – 25 December 1991;
Gorbachev’s policy to reform the distraught Soviet…
of these of the newfound freedoms as Gorbachev’s words began to resonate throughout the region. Uprisings were seen in Poland when Solidarity and its leader, Lech Walesa, were allowed to negotiate with the Catholic Church to solve the nation’s problems. More remarkably, Gorbachev permitted free elections in Poland in 1989, which saw Lech Walesa become the first non-Communist leader of the country in over 40 years. For the first time in history, a Soviet buffer zone had been allowed to determine its…
Berlin Wall Falls
Exxon Valdez Spills Millions of Gallons of Oil on Coastline
Romanian Leader Nicolae Ceausescu and His Wife Are Executed
Students Massacred in China's Tiananmen Square
Hubble Telescope Launched Into Space
Lech Walesa Becomes First President of Poland
Nelson Mandela Freed
U.S. President Bush Announces That He Doesn't Like Broccoli
Collapse of the Soviet Union
Copper Age Man Found Frozen in Glacier
Operation Desert Storm
South Africa Repeals Apartheid…
conversation. This young worker, however, may have the one idea that gets the ball rolling on the next big move that takes the company to the next level. Heifetz gives a few examples of famous “foot-of-the-table” leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr., Lech Walesa, Margaret Sanger, and possibly the most famous and influential of them all, Mohandas Ghandi (pg. 185).
It seemed to me that Heifetz focuses heavily on authority, much more than leadership, which was one of the few problems I had with this book…
removed Soviets troops from Afghanistan
6) fall of communism in Eastern Europe
a) by the late 1980’s, the Soviets could no longer control reforms in their
b) Poland, under Solidarity led by Lech Walesa, was the first to have free
c) Communist government soon collapsed in other Soviet occupied areas
d) in 1991 Gorbachev resigned, the Soviet Union was no more
e) 15 new nations were created out of the old Soviet Union…