Lech Walesa: Socialist Mostly just known by the fact that he was president, Lech Walesa was much more than that. Lech Walesa had a positive impact on social and political reform because he was the one who brought Poland back up from the hardships the Polish faced during the war. He helped form and lead communist Poland's first independent trade union, which was Solidarity. The charismatic leader of millions of Polish workers went on to become the president of Poland from 1990 to 1995. For his determined and nonviolent fight for human rights ,he received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1983 (Smith Michael 8). He then pursued to run for president again in 2000, but he did not receive enough votes to make the cut. He received only a tiny fraction of the vote which made him not be elected. Lech Walesa was born September 29, 1943 in Popowo, Poland. As a child, he lived a very isolated life away from everyone he loved. Walesa gew up in that environmemt and despised both Soviet and Polish Communists. He was raised in a large family and attended a vocational school in Lipno (ABC-CLIO 3). After graduating from a vocational school in Poland, he went on to work as a car mechanic . He was then sentenced by his family to serve in the army and did it for 2 years. In 1970, he joined a Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk,Poland as an electrical technician and made a decent living for those times (American Academy of 2). In 1969 Lech Walesa met Danuta Golos and immediately fell in love and got married. In 1970, when a clash broke between workers and the government,he would get arrested because he was one of the leaders of the Shipyard workers. Eventually, he lost his job in 1976 and earned his living by taking whatever jobs he could get his hands on. In the long run, it made his life hard for a while, but he shot right back up when no one expected him to (Nobel Foundation 1). Lech Walesa has an impressive list of accomplishments qualifying him as a worthy subject for historical recognition (Joe Frett 3). After December 1970, when he was recognized as a promising activist, he became the occupational safety supervisor on behalf of the trade unions in his department. He was fired for having delivered an unwelcomed speech in 1976. He then became an opposition activist. Because he frequently changed his jobs, he gained an immense amount of popularity as a social activist. In 1980, he led the strike in the Gdansk Shipyard. On the 31st of August, he signed an agreement between the Inter-Establishment Strike Committee and the Government Commission. He directed the outlawed union until it received legal recognition in 1988. For 16 months he was the head of the Independent Self-Governed "Solidarity" Trade Union. "I can't do it all. You must help. When Poland is in danger, it unites. It must unite behind me" (Robin Knight 2). He attempted to have permanent talks with the government in order to alleviate the rising social tension. This led to him being the co-founder of the "solidarity movement" (BBN 2). Walesa refused to form a coalition government with the communists, the Parliament was forced to accept a Solidarity-led government, though Wasa himself refused to serve as premier (Britannica Concise Encyclopedia). "All of Polands history can be summed up in the phrase 'struggle for freedom"' (Joe Frett). Poland was very weak at many times and the one person that made a significant change to it was Lech.
Period 6 WHAP
Ch 34 5 & 6
5. Superpower control began to fade when president
Gaulle of France doubted US's
. He felt that his country was too submissive and followed along too much behind
the US, so much that they had their own nuclear program which successfully made a bomb in
Marshal Tito, the president of Yugoslavia
, was starting to turn against Soviet control
by trying to keep his country from their control and in 1948 gained its freedom from the USSR…
public life vs family + friends
--Intellectual and Religious: scientists, engineers, doctors, managers wanted better; freedom + religion > ideals of Russian Revolution and dogmas of Marxism
--Poland—Solidarity under Lech Waŀęsa in Gdańsk from 1980 on; Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II; military dictatorship but liberalization (Zbigniew Brzezinski)
--Gorbachev: withdrew from Afghanistan, campaigns vs alcohol, etc., arms control
--Hungary—peaceful transition, investment;…
UNIT 5 STUDY GUIDE
1. What are three causes of World War II in Europe?
1. Failure of the Treaty of Versailles
2. Failure of the League of Nations
3. Failure of the policy of Appeasement
2. What happened after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor?
The United States declared war!
3. Name the Axis Powers
Name the Allied Powers
1. Great Britain
2. United States
4. Match the World Leaders with their country. (pg.730-736; 767)
Signed a non-aggression pact with Germany during the Second World War
They were soon invaded by Hitler in violation of their pact, but managed to repel his forces.
In retaliation, they met the Americans at Elbe, cutting Germany in half.
Russia suffered 29 million deaths, most of them civilian.
Stalin’s regime was suspicious of Allied influences, and refused to allow free elections in Eastern Europe.
His five-year-plans and immense industrialization skyrocketed Russian industry through…
I began athletics at a very young age. My first coach was my stepfather, called Bruce Barber. By the time I had a collection of regional and national titles in the 100 meters, 200 meters, high jump and long jump competitions.
I moved to Kooralbyn International School in 1987 to be coached by Mike Danila. He became a key influence throughout my career, as he was very strict. The year after I won a scholarship to a girls school called Fairholme College, that was located in Toowoomba
In 1990, Freema…
February, 1945; FDR, Churchill and Stalin; the Black sea resort of Yalta; plan the postwar reconstruction
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Atomic bomb were dropped by the U.S.; August 6, 1945 in Hiroshima; three days later in Nagasaki; lead to Japanese surrender on August 14
Eastern European Governments set up under Soviets – List names and dates of est. of Soviet-influenced state in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia
Poland: The People’s Republic of Poland…
Cold War Essay
“Argue for and against the proposition that; A change in leadership in your area of study always leads to an important change in key ideas and/or ideologies”
“It would be naive to think that the problems plaguing mankind today can be solved with means and methods, which were applied or seemed to work in the past.”
Throughout the Cold War the Soviet Union went through numerous changes in…
Cool Jazz 1949 – 1955
China Becomes Communist
First Non-Stop Flight Around the World
George Orwell Publishes Nineteen Eight-Four
Soviet Union Has Atomic Bomb
First Modern Credit Card Introduced
First Organ Transplant
First "Peanuts" Cartoon Strip
Korean War Begins
Senator Joseph McCarthy Begins Communist Witch Hunt
U.S. President Truman Orders Construction of Hydrogen Bomb
Color TV Introduced
South Africans Forced to Carry ID Cards Identifying Race
February 11, 2013
Leadership for Ministry
Dr. Levi Price
“Leadership Without Easy Answers” – Ronald Heifetz
1. The Essence of the Book, 2. Main Thoughts, 6. Reflections
In “Leadership Without Easy Answers,” Ronald Heifetz gives his take on what it means to be a leader in various types of leadership situations, how to use or not use our authority, and most importantly, the difference between leadership and authority. Throughout a wide variety of examples and narratives, Heifetz…
. Volume 42, Number 1 . January 2010
r 2010 Northeastern Political Science Association 0032-3497/10 www.palgrave-journals.com/polity/
Brazil, the Entrepreneurial and Democratic BRIC*
Leslie Elliott Armijo Portland State University Sean W. Burges University of Ottawa
By most objective metrics, Brazil is the least imposing of the ‘‘BRICs countries’’— less populous than China and India, slower-growing in recent years than China, India, or Russia, and the only member of the group lacking…