Martin Luther King Essay

Submitted By Bryanna-Garcia
Words: 687
Pages: 3

Doctor of theology and a civil rights activist, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., in “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” written in 1963, argues that discrimination is not acceptable anywhere and the discriminated are trying to be as peaceful and reasonable with the racial inequality. He supports his claim by utilizing biblical allusions, historical allusions, and sarcasm in order to state that they have tried fixing the issue, but the society wont respond civilized. He adopts a mock serious tone for the clergymen and for the people who oppose.
King emphasizes on using biblical allusions on the clergymen since they too are people who preach the word of God and should understand the meaning of his peaceful ways. For example, King quotes “ just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco-Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my own home town. Like Paul, I must constantly respond to the Macedonian call for aid.” King reflects himself on Apostle Paul and on the way he traveled away from his hometown to find justice. Both Paul and King wrote letters from a jail, and they were both in jail for an absurd reason. King wants to teach his nonviolent ways to the people, but the people continue to view it as a wronging. By him using biblical allusions to the clergymen, it shows that they, themselves, should know this since they preach from the same book.
In addition, King utilizes historical allusions to highlight the world’s past events and the justice and injustice of them. Dr. King states “ we should never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was "legal" and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was "illegal." It was "illegal" to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler's Germany. Even so, I am sure that, had I lived in Germany at the time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers. If today I lived in a Communist country where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I would openly advocate disobeying that country's antireligious laws.” His reference to these two past events helped in the view that they were both labeled wrong. Hitler’s Germany should have been illegal since it was harming innocent people, and the freedom fighters in Hungary should have been legal since they aided and provided for people. It is the same with the racial inequality, the clergymen view it as wrong and a disturbance to the society when in reality they are just fighting for their justice and…