The nature versus nurture debate is about the roles of innate quality or genetic inheritance versus personal experience or environmental factors. This notion is part of the fundamental themes in psychology that is known as heredity and environment (Wayne Weiten & Doug McCann, 2013). Theorists have argued about personal traits and abilities and their connection with nature and nurture. Some theorists believe that personality traits and skills are governed by genetic predisposition. However, environmental factors play an important role to create and develop some skills such as athletic. Some scientists seek to believe that some abstract traits that contribute to athletic ability and performance are inherited or encoded in a person’s DNA. They follow the nurture theory and illustrate the notion by twin studies, ethnic studies and biology. They believe that some key factors that contribute to success are height and other features of body build in certain sports. For instance, based on a twin study that illustrates genetic influences on physical activity in young adults genetic factors contribute significantly to physical activity. “They estimated sport activity %41. ” (Mustelin, Joutsi, Latvala, Pietilainen, Rissanen, Kaprio, 2009,p.1) .It is crucial to note that they didn’t consider the environmental factors and athlete’s hard work behind their success. On the other hand, experience and environment play a crucial role; some abilities are learned and are influenced by family and cultural environment. They developed over time in response to the experience and achievements .For instance; another study examined a group of athletes and the key factors behind their success. The selected study used a holistic ecological approach .It illustrated the factors by focusing on environment’s components, structures and elements that contributed to environments success. The research study focused on a successful sailing team consisted of top athletes, administrated and coaches in various situations such as meetings, training times and competitions. They also did research on individual athlete to discover the central challenges that are involved in talent development. This study relates the environmental factors and their influence to athletic through crucial components such as family, school, related teams,
Study Guide 1 WGST 200
1. What is the path of least resistance and path of active resistance?
2. Why is there a need for women studies?
3. Know two of the identifying references from the cycle of socialization; where is socialization taught?
4. Newspaper editors were unsupportive of the Seneca Falls Convention and wrote scathing reports, these reports intended to be negative actually helped to publicize the women’s cause in a way they had never imagined or could have managed…
Autobiographical Final Essay
Throughout this Women and Gender Studies course I have learned, in depth, about various topics that have affected my life in one way or another. Our society has created this image where we women are seen more as walking objects than as equal human beings. This idea is portrayed in many articles and books that we have read throughout this class, some of which have really hit home for me. Growing up as a white girl I have encountered…
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Description of the study
We are interested in evaluating the effects of capsaicinoid ingestion (the active ingredient in hot peppers) on human metabolism and measures of cardiovascular physiology. There is evidence to suggest that capsaicinoid ingestion may alter fat metabolism and lead to changes in body composition and physical performance during exercise, through a shift in the use of fat as an energy supply.
This study is divided into two distinct phases, of which…
Gender Studies-1808 B
Dr. Debra Graham
Women’s and Gender Studies- B02
December 3rd, 2012
Jane Austen’s novel Pride and Prejudice is critical of the gender injustices of the 19th century. The story revolves around Mr. and Mrs. Bennet and their five unmarried daughters, Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Catherine, and Lydia. The main interest of Mrs. Bennet’s life is to see that all five of her daughters marry, preferably to wealthy men. Throughout the novel it is evident that women are disempowered…
empowerment has gained much interest in developing fields.40 Commencing ICPD in Cairo in 1994,6,41 it has been advocated in several conferences that women's empowerment and gender equality play an important role in poverty reduction and better health of women.48,42,43 Definitions of empowerment have spanned a wide range of concepts,44 and thus the measurement requires multidimensional perspectives.5,45-48 For example, ref.51 defined empowerment as a process by which those who have been denied the ability…
The first Olympic games where women were allowed to play were in 1900 summer Olympics, 4 years after the first formal Olympic games took place. Even though women were allowed to play at that time many countries just had only male delegations. This discrepancy, comes from a long time ago. Traditionally men have always been able to play sports, they were encouraged to be athletes because that made them fit and healthy. On the other hand, women has always been seen as inferior to man. As long as women’s…
Lucy goes on to state in her
essay that many lesbians who do not practice S/M can get “offended by the language
of S/M” (Lucy 31). And that these anti S/M feminists have accused her of being a
“rapist, brutalizer, and maleidentified oppressor of battered women” (Lucy 31). But this
is due to their lack of knowledge regarding S/M. They do not understand that S/M seeks
to open each partner up as much as possible. S/M helps to develop a trust much
stronger than any other sexual act. Lucy states that S/M is used “to turn each other on…
William Shakespeare (baptized 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English poet William Shakespeare and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England’s national poet and the “Bard of Avon” (or simply “The Bard”).His surviving work consist of 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major language and are performed…
among Chemically Dependent Women
This article is about a group of women in a drug treatment facility. The facility asked the women to participate in a report on sexual abuse and possible rape. The study only used women that volunteered. The study started with a larger quantity of women however due to leaving the program early they ended up with 60 in the study. Of these remaining women, 73 percent reported they had been raped. The study also showed 45 percent of the women were raped more than one…
How women who successfully exclusively breastfed until 6 months perceived professional support: a phenomenological study.
Breastfeeding is a key public health issue that affects the health of the nation. Despite its well documented health benefits and the numerous strategies implemented to support and educate women, breastfeeding rates in the U.K. remain poor. The purpose of this descriptive phenomenological study will be to describe how the experience of professional support for mothers…