Nutrition has a lot of components under it, like carbohydrates, fiber, protein, fats and more.
But let’s start with carbohydrates; well there are simple and complex carbohydrates. A carbohydrate is an organic compound with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n (where m could be different from n); that is, consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with a hydrogen: oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water). Simple carbohydrates are also called simple sugars and are chemically made of one or two sugars. A simple sugar can be just what the name implies, the sugar in your sugar bowl. And complex carbohydrates are also known as starches and are made of three or more linked sugars. What simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates have in common are that they both contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen only the ratio of C to H to O is always C(H2O) . The way that they different is that simple carbohydrates make up complex carbohydrates. (Here some images to see simple and complex carbohydrates)
Now let’s jump in fiber. Fiber is also known as roughage. It is the indigestible part of plant foods that pushes through our digestive system, absorbing water along the way and easing bowel movements. There are two broad types of fiber, soluble and insoluble. The difference between soluble and insoluble fiber is that soluble dissolves in water, while insoluble does not. Also, soluble fiber changes as it goes through the digestive tract, where it is fermented by bacteria. Soluble fiber absorbs water, and as it does so becomes gelatinous. Insoluble fiber goes through the digestive tract without changing its forms. Insoluble and soluble fibers have in common is that soluble and insoluble fibers and all present in plant foods vary in the degree by which they are present in the food that we eat.
I believe protein is the most important principle in nutrition. Proteins are biochemical compounds consisting of one or more polypeptides typically folded into a globular or fibrous form, facilitating a biological function. But there are two types of protein, incomplete and complete protein. the difference between incomplete and complete protein is that complete protein sources are animal proteins, and Incomplete protein come from fruits, vegetables, nuts, grains, legumes and many more. Both complete and incomplete protein has amino acids in them.
Final fats, saturated fat are carbon atoms in fat molecules have a single bond between them and as many hydrogen atoms as possible are bonded to the carbon atoms. And unsaturated fat are the bond between the carbon atoms is a double bond and the molecule can absorb more hydrogen atoms. Saturated and unsaturated fats both are important for daily consumption. It is recommended to take both in a limited quantity. Saturated and unsaturated fats differ by many ways, but one is saturated fat spoil faster than unsaturated fats
That’s only some parts of nutrition, so look in it, and get healthy.
|SIMPLE CARBOHYDRATES |COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES |Soluble fiber |Insoluble fiber |Complete protein|Incomplete protein |
|Yogurt |Spinach |Prunes |Cocoa powder |Pork |Peanut butter |
|Milk |Whole Barley |Pears |Soya beans |Fish |sunflower seed |
|Jam |Grapefruit |Oranges |White beans |Duck |Humus |
|Biscuit |Prunes |Grapes |Brown beans |turkey |Almonds |
|Table sugar |Water Cress |Nectarines |Rye bread |Shellfish |Corn tortillas |
|Fruit juice |Turnip