During my life growing up I have experienced a lot of things that no child should endure, but that is what made me the person that I am today a strong woman. Coming from a dysfunctional home, a life of physical and verbal abuse I was lost and disserted myself from the world. We learn all types of different things during different aspect of our lives. Our environment can impact our lives in many different ways. Three ways it has impacted my life was to always be independent so that I would never have to depend on anyone for anything, never let anyone tell me that I cannot succeed in life, and be the best person that I can be with all my future goals.
The human development is a continuous process and remains continuous throughout our lives. For every action in our lives there is a reaction and the outcome would never be the same. Always think before you action because the consequence that we may end up paying in the end may not always be rewarding. The stages of the human development can be stated best explain by Erik Erikson’s theory of development through various stages in life. Erikson was the first theorist to study human development and how every individual develops differently and at their own pace. Erikson’s theory starts from birth to old age, in these stages the learning theory impacts on the process rather than what actually derives the mind to act in a certain way. Lawrence Kohlberg another theorist who’s focus on the development of moral judgment in children rather than their actions. If a child does wrong and he/she knows that it was wrong should they be judged or punished for their action.
The first stage is trust vs. mistrust that starts out from birth to 1 year old. At this stage the children learn to trust their parents and other family members because of the love and nurture that they get from love ones. When children are mistreated by loves ones they tend to be come hopeless and feel unloved and they get themselves into all sorts to terrible doing things that they are not suppose to looking for that love and attention. Kohlberg first stage obedience and punishment is based on the way the individual interprets certain actions that is surrounding their personalities. Kohlberg is not interested in whether the child can say yes or no but the child understand the reasoning behind he/she actions (Crandall, T et al 2009). In this stage of thinking preconventional, because the child do not yet speak as members of society. Instead, they see morality as something external to themselves, as that in which they do as told by their parents and any adult figures.
The second stage is autonomy vs. shame that starts from age 2 to 3 years old. As the child gains control over eliminative functions and motor abilities, they begin to explore their surroundings. The parents still provide a strong base of security from which the child can venture out to assert their will. The parents' patience and encouragement helps foster autonomy in the child. Children at this age like to explore their world around them and they are constantly learning about their environment. Caution must be taken at this age while children may explore things that are dangerous to their health and safety. At this age, children develop their first interests. For example, a child that enjoys music may like to play with the radio. Children that enjoy the outdoors may be interested in animals and plants. Highly restrictive parents, however, are more likely to instill the child with a sense of doubt and reluctance to attempt new challenges. As they gain increased muscular coordination and mobility, toddlers become capable of satisfying some of their own needs. They begin to feed themselves, wash and dress themselves, and use the bathroom. If caregivers encourage self-sufficient behavior, toddlers develop a sense of autonomy- a sense of being able to handle many problems on their own. But if caregivers demand too much too soon, refuse…