Prescription only medication (POMs) is medication which needs to be prescribed/issued by a GP or other suitably qualified healthcare professional to get it.
Insulin- Insulin is a hormone that is in a liquid form that is used to help people who have type 1 diabetes, absorb glucose into their bloodstream. Once absorbed in to the blood stream, the insulin starts to work within 10 minutes. Depending on the dosage of insulin given, it can do to jobs, for example if a little dosage is given (around 5-25 units) this helps maintain the blood sugars at a steady level. However if a bigger dosage is given (around 30-100 units) this is to help lower the blood sugars to a rate that is deemed as the “norm” this is usually around 4.0 to 7.9
Insulin can be administered in two different types of ways; these are either through an injection, which is usually given through either side of the leg, side of the arms, in the belly or in the side of the buttock. When using any of these injection sites, it is crucial that you rotate the injection sites to decrease the chance of the insulin forming into a ball on the base of the skin, because if this happens it will not actually be absorbed in to the blood system. The other way you can administer insulin, is through an insulin pump. The pumps work by inserting a small needle into the belly and having a small tube attached to both the needle and the pump, the pump then clips on to the side of your pants, or in a pocket, and the pump is programmed to insert the insulin in to the body, at the times it has been set to do for.
Insulin keeps people with type one diabetes alive, and helps them to be able to live a fit and healthy life, however there are a couple of negative effects that can occur with taking insulin, for example: it can cause the injection sites to become red, painful, itchy and can even cause bruising and scaring. Other negative effects that can be caused from taking insulin are: allergic reactions including skin problems, bronchospasm, low blood pressure or shock. (NHS DIABETES-SIDE EFFECTS. 2013.)
Salbutamol- Salbutamol is a medicine that can come in many different forms, for example: a powder, a tablet and a liquid injection. It is used by people who suffer from having breathing difficulties, such as asthma. Salbutamol helps to relaxes muscles in the air passages of the lungs, so that the airways are open, making it easier for air to travel in and out, overall making it easier for the person suffering to breathing normally again. Different dosages of Salbutamol are used to help with breathing problems, for example if you start to feel your chest is getting tighter and more wheezy then by taking a small dosage of Salbutamol can help prevent you having a full asthma attack. However if you do have a full asthma attack, then it is suggested that you take a higher dosage.
Salbutamol is administered, most commonly by breathing in through the mouth from an inhaler. However Salbutamol can be taken many other ways, for example it is also available as tablets for patients who cannot manage taking salbutamol via the inhaled route, it can also be taken as a injection which can be given three different ways, for example: intravenously (directly into the vein), intra-muscularly (injection into the muscle, usually into the buttock area) or subcutaneously (into the fat just under the skin).
There are lots of negative effects that can occur when taking Salbutamol, however some only occur depending on how you have taken the medication , for example Muscle cramps (when taken by injection), or Irritation or dryness of the mouth and throat (only when taken by an inhaler). There are also other general ones, which you can get by taking the medicine any of the ways, these are:
Feeling a bit shaky, a headache, a rapid or uneven heart beat, flushing, restlessness and dizziness.
Amoxicillin- Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic, that helps fight