Proposal: Proposal and Academic Support Center Essays

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DeVry Addison Academic Support Center
Room 244, ext. 8365 http://add.devry.edu/Academic_Support_Center.html

A Brief Guide to Proposal Writing
Revised Spring 2003 by J. Hagemann and L. Danley Revised 7/08

How do I write a report? The purposes and formats of reports are so varied that we could write another whole pamphlet just on reports. Generally speaking, reports are “factual accounts that objectively communicate information about some aspect of the business” (Thill & Bovée, 1999, p. 265). But reports can be written for internal or external audiences, can be informational or analytical, and be routine or special. It’s difficult in this brief guide to give you examples of every kind of report, so we focus on just one example: the proposal. The purpose of a proposal is to obtain new business or funding, provide a solution to a problem, or recommend an improvement; therefore, proposals 1) describe the problem, 2) suggest a solution and 3) request permission and/or funding to implement the solution. The outline below describes the typical parts of a proposal. Modify this outline as you think appropriate when you write other kinds of reports for other purposes and audiences.

2 SAMPLE PROPOSAL REPORT

Title Page PROPOSAL FOR ______________________ Prepared for Name Title By Name Title Date

TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT ...................................................................................... 2 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................ 3 Purpose............................................................................. 3 Problem ............................................................................ 3 Scope ................................................................................ 3 TECHNICAL SECTION ...................................................................... 4 MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS ................................................... 5 COST SECTION ............................................................................... 6 CONCLUSION ................................................................................. 7 RECOMMENDATIONS .................................................................... 7 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Table 1. Cost Estimates................................................................. 6
Another acceptable variation of the Introduction section is Purpose, Scope, Procedure.

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ABSTRACT/EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The abstract is the entire report in capsule form. It serves as a miniature report. Since it is intended for the busy executive, it may receive the most attention. It may be one or two paragraphs in length, or it may be several sentences in length.

INTRODUCTION Purpose The purpose of this report is to propose . . . (one sentence will suffice.) Problem There is a problem associated with . . . (Length will vary from several sentences to one or two paragraphs). Scope This paper will cover the areas of the proposed system followed by sections on management requirements and costs involved. (This is one sentence to reveal the parts, emphasis, or boundaries of the report.)

TECHNICAL SECTION This part of the paper should describe the existing problem, how it affects productivity, efficiency, and company profits. It should present the writer’s proposal for change. The proposed change should be a solution to the described problem. This section should be divided into two sections-–one for the problem background and one for the new proposed system/solution. Use explanation, demonstration, or statistical data to support the proposed system.

MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS This part of the report should consist of two well-developed paragraphs-– one to address any changes in personnel and one to discuss any changes in physical facilities. Even if the report does not require any changes in these areas, specifically indicate this and explain why. With regard to personnel, specifically discuss…