Psychology: Old Age and Human Development Final Essay examples

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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
FINAL EXAM REVIEW GUIDE

The “good news” (young-old) stage of life is called the _____ age (1).

The two biological theories of aging include: _____________________ and _______________________ (1).

When axon fibers become severely twisted, they can form a spiral-shaped mass called _____(1).

_____ theory proposes that older people tend to cope with daily life using familiar strategies based on past experience (1).

The upper limit of one’s ability to function in the physical health, sensory-perceptual, motor skill, cognitive skills, and ego domains is called _____ (1).

Due to a reduction in visual capacity and increased issues with balance, elderly people endure an increased risk of _____________. To address this risk, many adults avoid stairs, steps and walks on uneven ground (1).

The process of choosing new enjoyable but less physically straining activities as a result of the declining physical capacities of aging is called ________________ ________________ with __________________ (1).

Environmental _____ refers to the physical, interpersonal, or social demands that environments put on people (1).

The elderly tend to exhibit _________ in creativity while simultaneously experiencing __________ in wisdom (2).

Loss of spouse, loss of job, loss of health: all of these are realities that increase the likelihood of an elderly individual experiencing what mental health issue? ___________________ (1).

GRADUAL DECLINES IN MEMORY, LEARNING, ATTENTION, JUDGEMENT
CONFUSION TIME AND PLACE
DIFFICULTY FINDING WORDS
INAPP SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
CHANGES IN PERSONALITY
DIFFICULTY WITH PERSONAL HYGIENE

…these are all symptoms of ________________ (1).

Stressing over health issues, the accumulating effects of chronic stress, worrying about the loss of independence: all of these put some elderly individuals at higher risk of what type of disorder(s? ________________ (1).

The reflection on past events that occurs during the struggle of integrity versus despair is referred to as a(n) _____ (1).

_____ well-being occurs when a positive self-evaluation results in positive feelings (1).

Older individuals who are very ill and have physical disabilities and psychological/cognitive disorders are referred to as _____ older adults (1).

The practice of ending a life for reasons of mercy is called _____ (1).

________ death occurs when a person’s heart stops beating and he or she stops breathing (1).

When a person’s cortical function ceases, but brain-stem activity continues, the person is said to be in a persistent _____ state (1).

_____ is a way of assisting dying people in a way that emphasizes pain management and death with dignity (1).

The state or condition created by loss through death is called _____ (1).

_____ concerns the way we express our grief (1).

The fact that Wendy becomes sad every June 23 because that was the day her husband died exemplifies the _____ reaction (1).

KNOW THE FIRST THREE COLUMNS (BUT NOT SPECIFIC AGES) FOR ERIKSON’S DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES ACROSS THE LIFE SPAN (24)….

ESSAY:

Your Uncle Ed and Auntie Em are turning 50. Knowing that you are in a class on human development, they ask about what changes in hearing and vision they might expect. Enlighten them.

Define wisdom. Define creativity. How are each related to age?

Describe the concepts of the “third age” and the “fourth age” and how knowledge of these ages might impact how we prepare individuals for each of these stages of life.

potential and ability to learn, increases in negative effect of chronic stress, high prevalence of dementia and other chronic disorders, and problems with quality of life and dying with dignity.

Hospice is best thought of as an approach and not a physical place. Explain.

Demonstrate your knowledge of the legal definitions of death by differentiating between clinical and whole-brain…