Reforming Campaign Finance With the Supreme Court decision to allow corporations and labor unions to contribute unlimited funds to political parties in Citizens United v. Federal Election Committee, campaign finance has perhaps become more unbalanced than ever. Already, the Federal Election Campaign Act and the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act have only served to create a few extra steps for groups to take in order for them to contribute funds to the political parties of their choosing, and though the latter is more stringent in attempting to reign in the campaign contributions, loopholes built into the law such as the establishment of 501c’s actually allow groups to contribute to parties and candidates anonymously. Even the Citizens United case reflects an unfair ability to contribute to one party or the other, despite seeming to balance things by allowing both corporations and unions to make unlimited contributions, due to the virtually limitless resources corporations can draw on, versus the limited funds unions can take in since they are not designed to profit. Thus, campaign reform must be moved in an effort to create more fairness, and it must cut the ability for those with unlimited resources to steal elections over the majority of people who might not have the funds to help their cause. Thus, the best way I can see is by enacting a law that abolishes the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act and all its loopholes and creating an agency that all federal election campaign moneys must pass through before reaching the political parties. All groups and individuals wishing to donate to national elections must give all the funds they wish to donate to this agency. They must announce the party they wish to receive the funds and the intended location of where the funds would go, including the region, state, city, or nation-wide, if that is the group’s goal. All of these records will be made publicly available, including the organization or individual making the donation, which party they choose to donate to, and where that money’s intended destination is, as well as the amount they wish to donate. The agency will then appropriate 65% of the donated to the directed destination, while 35% of the funds will actually go to the opposing party for the party to use as it wishes (Note: These numbers can be adjusted). This means that a pro-life group that wants to donate funds to the Republican Party could actually see 35% of the funds it donates in the hands of Democrats who might actually be pro-choice. Conversely, environmental groups donating money to the Democrats would see 35% of their funds going to causes they actually might not support. This would force groups, corporations, and individuals to consider how much the money they spend could help the opposition defeat their causes. More importantly, it would prevent wealthy individuals and corporations from spending unlimited amounts of money in an effort to have a candidate win an election, at least without some of that money actually benefiting the other side. This agency would work wonders in changing the way campaign finance operates. People would be more encouraged to pay attention to and spend money on local elections, since the law does not require state and local level elections to have an agency that collects election money. States, of course, will be encouraged by the federal government to create such an agency if the need arises. Hard blue states and hard red states would finally allow the portion of the population whose opinions aren’t typically represented in votes to have more of a voice. The opposing party’s supporters would be more encouraged to vote in these elections, since money spent will not just benefit the side that tends to win states. For instance, Democrats in Alabama should be more encouraged to vote in the national elections as a result of this law because Democrats will be able to obtain some money and use it in ways that could excite a typically…
Debt total of all money the federal government owes over time
Deficit yearly shortfall of revenues in a budget
$16 trillion debt
$4.3 trillion budget fiscal year 2012
$1.3 trillion deficit
Campaigns primary [show up and vote] (first primary: NH) or caucus [meetings and after you vote: people make arguments for a candidate] (first caucus: Iowa)
* Regional primary or national primary
“Frontloading” states often want their primary or caucus first because they think…
equal treatment of women and men under the law and voting rights for women.
The ongoing battle for women’s rights takes place in three distinct waves throughout
American history, beginning with the first movement in 1848 that was directed at reforming of
the staggering inequalities for women both socially and legally. They were keenly aware that the
America was experiencing a substantial rise in the middleclass, intelligent females who believed
that all women deserved a voice in the laws that governed them…
can be considered a multi-payer system.
Is universal health care the right system for the United States? This is a question that definitely needs to be answered. More Americans, especially the poor, do without health insurance due to the lack of finances. This is something that can not be ignored. The majority of the population that is on the poorer side, are the ones that work in the service industry. They basically take care of all our needs in and outside of our homes every day. I don’t know about…
and critics took their works to the printers, and religious controversies kept the presses busy turning out pamphlets and treatises for a century or more.
The Protestant Reformation was a major 16th century European movement aimed initially at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Its religious aspects were supplemented by ambitious political rulers who wanted to extend their power and control at the expense of the Church. The Reformation ended the unity imposed by medieval…
TO: President of Peru Ollanta Humala, Finance Minister Luis Miguel Castilla Rubio
FROM: Erick Soto IADB Advisor, Country Capital Market Development Program
SUBJECT: Developing and Diversifying the Peruvian Capital Market
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Peru’s economy is currently considered one of the rising stars of Latin America. GDP has grown over 5% since 2011 (see Graph 1) buoyed by stable macroeconomic policies and a booming extractive sector. Peru’s macroeconomic policy has remained…
helpcountries combat corruption. Corruption is a symptom offundamental economic, political andinstitutional causes. Effectivelyaddressing corruption means tacklingthese underlying causes. The majoremphasis must be put on prevention— that is, on reforming economicpolicies, institutions, and incentives.Efforts to improve enforcement ofanticorruption legislation using thepolice, ethics offices, or specialwatchdog agencies within government will not bear fruitotherwise. The problem of corruption around…
seem so easy to get these loans; thus, making customers thinking that they are a trusted company with good intentions.
IV. Lobbying against Payday reform
Payday lenders have their fair share of lobbyists helping them to stop legislation from reforming their practices. These lobbyists are fighting legislation at state senates to shut down bills proposed to cap interest rates on loans. Lobbyist use Astroturf lobbying techniques to push their agendas to stop interest rate caps. These lobbying groups…
aiming to restoring the cooperative medical system, to benefit rural residents who cannot participate in medical insurance before. The reform of unemployment insurance is developed along with an important social transform in China. After the laid-off campaign, many workers lost their job. Therefore, in 1999. The State Council promulgated “Regulations on unemployment insurance”, requiring individual workers to contribute 1% of their salary as unemployment premiums which will be payable during job-waiting…
representation and multiculturalism. For example, these movements are mostly standing out in countries with large populations such as Colombia, Chile and Brazil (Becker, 2010, p.29-36).
They have largely engaged in mass mobilizations, roadblocks, electoral campaigns and policy negotiations. These movements do not seek to but rather not only looking to reform democracy but exert lot of pressure on it (Becker, 2010, p.40). Politicization of ethnic cleavages prevents realization of theoretical expectations of the…
Republic, Nepal and the Philippines limit or prohibit public
officials from engaging in political activities. Australian law allows such
engagement, but an official standing for election has to resign from the
official function for the duration of the campaign as well as the term of
A number of countries restrict or forbid public officials’ engagement
in private sector enterprises or investment (Bangladesh; Fiji Islands; Hong
Kong, China; India; Indonesia; Japan; Kyrgyz Republic; the Philippines;…